than
I. conjunction Etymology: Middle English than, then then, than — more at then Date: before 12th century 1. a. — used as a function word to indicate the second member or the member taken as the point of departure in a comparison expressive of inequality; used with comparative adjectives and comparative adverbs <
older than I am
>
<
easier said than done
>
b. — used as a function word to indicate difference of kind, manner, or identity; used especially with some adjectives and adverbs that express diversity <
anywhere else than at home
>
2. rather than — usually used only after prefer, preferable, and preferably 3. other than 4. when 1b — used especially after scarcely and hardly II. preposition Date: 1560 in comparison with <
you are older than me
>
Usage: After about 200 years of innocent if occasional use, the preposition than was called into question by 18th century grammarians. Some 200 years of elaborate and sometimes tortuous reasoning have led to these present-day inconsistent conclusions: than whom is standard but clumsy <
Beelzebub…than whom, Satan except, none higher sat — John Milton
>
<
T. S. Eliot, than whom nobody could have been more insularly English — Anthony Burgess
>
; than me may be acceptable in speech <
a man no mightier than thyself or me — Shakespeare
>
<
why should a man be better than me because he's richer than me — William Faulkner, in a talk to students
>
; than followed by a third-person objective pronoun (her, him, them) is usually frowned upon. Surveyed opinion tends to agree with these conclusions. Our evidence shows that the conjunction is more common than the preposition, that than whom is chiefly limited to writing, and that me is more common after the preposition than the third-person objective pronouns. You have the same choice Shakespeare had: you can use than either as a conjunction or as a preposition.

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

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