I. transitive verb (tempered; tempering) Etymology: Middle English, from Old English & Anglo-French; Old English temprian & Anglo-French temprer, from Latin temperare to moderate, mix, temper; probably akin to Latin tempor-, tempus time Date: before 12th century 1. to dilute, qualify, or soften by the addition or influence of something else ; moderate <
temper justice with mercy
2. archaic a. to exercise control over ; govern, restrain b. to cause to be well disposed ; mollify <
tempered and reconciled them both — Richard Steele
3. to bring to a suitable state by mixing in or adding a usually liquid ingredient: as a. to mix (clay) with water or a modifier (as grog) and knead to a uniform texture b. to mix oil with (colors) in making paint ready for use 4. a. (1) to soften (as hardened steel or cast iron) by reheating at a lower temperature (2) to harden (as steel) by reheating and cooling in oil b. to anneal or toughen (glass) by a process of gradually heating and cooling 5. to make stronger and more resilient through hardship ; toughen <
troops tempered in battle
6. a. to put in tune with something ; attune b. to adjust the pitch of (a note, chord, or instrument) to a temperament • temperable adjectivetemperer noun II. noun Date: 14th century 1. a. archaic a suitable proportion or balance of qualities ; a middle state between extremes ; mean, medium <
virtue is…a just temper between propensities — T. B. Macaulay
b. archaic character, quality <
the temper of the land you design to sow — John Mortimer
c. characteristic tone ; trend <
the temper of the times
d. high quality of mind or spirit ; courage 2. a. the state of a substance with respect to certain desired qualities (as hardness, elasticity, or workability); especially the degree of hardness or resiliency given steel by tempering b. the feel and relative solidity of leather 3. a. a characteristic cast of mind or state of feeling ; disposition b. calmness of mind ; composure c. state of feeling or frame of mind at a particular time usually dominated by a single strong emotion d. heat of mind or emotion ; proneness to anger ; passion <
she has a real temper
4. a substance (as a metal) added to or mixed with something else (as another metal) to modify the properties of the latter Synonyms: see disposition

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Temper — Tem per, n. 1. The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities; just combination; as, the temper of mortar. [1913 Webster] 2. Constitution of body; temperament; in old… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • temper — [tem′pər] vt. [ME tempren < OE temprian & OFr temprer, both < L temperare, to observe proper measure, mix, regulate, forbear < tempus (gen. temporis), time, period, orig., a span < IE * tempos, a span < * temp , to pull < base * …   English World dictionary

  • Temper — Tem per, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Tempered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Tempering}.] [AS. temprian or OF. temper, F. temp[ e]rer, and (in sense 3) temper, L. temperare, akin to tempus time. Cf. {Temporal}, {Distemper}, {Tamper}.] 1. To mingle in due… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • temper — [n1] state of mind atmosphere, attitude, attribute, aura, character, climate, complexion, condition, constitution, disposition, drift, frame of mind, humor, individualism, individuality, leaning, makeup, mind, mood, nature, orientation, outlook,… …   New thesaurus

  • temper — ► NOUN 1) a person s state of mind in terms of their being angry or calm. 2) a tendency to become angry easily. 3) an angry state of mind. 4) the degree of hardness and elasticity in steel or other metal. ► VERB 1) improve the temper of (a metal) …   English terms dictionary

  • temper — vb *moderate, qualify Analogous words: *adjust, regulate, fix: mitigate, alleviate, lighten, assuage, allay, *relieve: mollify, *pacify, appease Antonyms: intensify temper n 1 * …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Temper — Tem per, v. i. 1. To accord; to agree; to act and think in conformity. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To have or get a proper or desired state or quality; to grow soft and pliable. [1913 Webster] I have him already tempering between my finger and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Temper — Temper. См. Отпуск. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • temper — index abate (lessen), adapt, adjust (regulate), allay, alleviate, alter, animus …   Law dictionary

  • temper — I UK [ˈtempə(r)] / US [ˈtempər] noun Word forms temper : singular temper plural tempers ** 1) [countable/uncountable] a tendency to get angry very quickly That temper of yours is going to get you into trouble. She should never have married a man… …   English dictionary

  • temper — tem|per1 [ tempər ] noun ** 1. ) count or uncount a tendency to get angry very quickly: That temper of yours is going to get you into trouble. She should never have married a man with such a violent temper. have a short temper (=become angry very …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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