I. adjective Etymology: Latin taurinus, from taurus bull; akin to Greek tauros bull, Middle Irish tarb Date: 1613 of or relating to a bull ; bovine II. noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from Latin taurus; from its having been discovered in ox bile Date: 1845 a crystalline acid C2H7NO3S that is synthesized in the body from cysteine and methionine, is similar to amino acids but is not a component of proteins, and is involved in various physiological functions (as bile acid conjugation and cell membrane stabilization)

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Taurine — Taurine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Taurine — Tau rine, a. [L. taurinus, fr. taurus a bull. See {Taurus}.] (Zo[ o]l.) Of or pertaining to the genus Taurus, or cattle. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Taurine — Tau rine, n. [So named because it was discovered in the bile of the ox. See {Taurus}.] (Physiol. Chem.) A chemical compound occurring in small quantity in the juices of muscle, in the lungs, and elsewhere, but especially in the bile, where it is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • taurine — chemical substance (aminoethyl sulphonic acid), 1845, from L. taurus bull (see STEER (Cf. steer) (n.)) + chemical suffix INE (Cf. ine) (2); obtained by German professor Leopold Gmelin in 1826 and so called because it was first found in ox bile …   Etymology dictionary

  • taurine — taurine1 [tôr′īn΄, tôr′in] adj. [L taurinus < taurus, bull: see TAURUS] 1. of or like a bull 2. [T ] of TAURUS (sense 2) taurine2 [tôr′ēn΄, tôr′in] n. [< L taurus (see TAURUS …   English World dictionary

  • Taurine — Taurine …   Wikipedia

  • taurine — ● taurin, taurine adjectif (latin taurinus, de taurus, taureau) Relatif aux taureaux ou aux courses de taureaux. ⇒TAURINE, subst. fém. BIOCHIM. Substance azotée qui se produit dans le dédoublement d un acide de la bile, ayant pour fonction de se… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • taurine — taurinas statusas T sritis chemija formulė H₂NCH₂CH₂SO₃H atitikmenys: angl. taurine rus. таурин ryšiai: sinonimas – 2 aminoetansulfonrūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • taurine — (= 2 aminoethanesulphonic acid) Compound derived from cysteine by oxidation of the sulphydryl group and decarboxylation. Present in the cytoplasm of some cells (particularly neutrophils) at high concentration …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • taurine — taurine1 /tawr uyn, in/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a bull. 2. pertaining to the zodiacal sign Taurus. [1605 15; < L taurinus. See TAUR , INE1] taurine2 /tawr een, in/, n. Chem. a neutral crystalline substance, C2H7NO3S, obtained… …   Universalium

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