(took; taken; taking)
Etymology: Middle English, from Old English tacan, from Old Norse taka; akin to Middle Dutch taken to take
Date: before 12th century
1. to get into one's hands or into one's possession, power, or control: as
a. to seize or capture physically <took them as prisoners> b. to get possession of (as fish or game) by killing or capturing c. (1) to move against (as an opponent's piece in chess) and remove from play (2) to win in a card game <able to take 12 tricks> d. to acquire by eminent domain 2. grasp, grip <take the ax by the handle> 3. a. to catch or attack through the effect of a sudden force or influence <taken with a fit of laughing> <taken ill> b. to catch or come upon in a particular situation or action <was taken unawares> c. to gain the approval or liking of ; captivate, delight <was quite taken with her at their first meeting> 4. a. to receive into one's body (as by swallowing, drinking, or inhaling) <take a pill> b. to put oneself into (as sun, air, or water) for pleasure or physical benefit c. to partake of ; eat <takes dinner about seven> 5. a. to bring or receive into a relation or connection <takes just four students a year> <it's time he took a wife> b. to copulate with 6. to transfer into one's own keeping: a. appropriate <someone took my hat> b. to obtain or secure for use (as by lease, subscription, or purchase) <take a cottage for the summer> <I'll take the red one> <took an ad in the paper> 7. a. assume <gods often took the likeness of a human being> <when the college took its present form> b. (1) to enter into or undertake the duties of <take a job> <take office> (2) to move onto or into ; move into position on <the home team took the field> <take the witness stand> c. (1) to bind oneself by <take the oath of office> (2) to make (a decision) especially with finality or authority d. to impose upon oneself <take the trouble to do good work> <take pains to make her feel welcome> e. (1) to adopt as one's own <take a stand on the issue> <take an interest> (2) to align or ally oneself with <mother took his side> f. to assume as if rightfully one's own or as if granted <take the credit> g. to accept the burden or consequences of <took the blame> h. to have or assume as a proper part of or accompaniment to itself <transitive verbs take an object> 8. a. to secure by winning in competition <took first place> b. defeat 9. to pick out ; choose, select <took the best apple> 10. to adopt, choose, or avail oneself of for use: as a. to have recourse to as an instrument for doing something <take a scythe to the weeds> b. to use as a means of transportation or progression <take the bus> c. to have recourse to for safety or refuge <take shelter> d. to go along, into, or through <took a different route> e. (1) to proceed to occupy <take a seat in the rear> (2) to use up (as space or time) <takes a long time to dry> (3) need, require <takes a size nine shoe> <it takes two to start a fight> 11. a. to obtain by deriving from a source ; draw <takes its title from the name of the hero> b. (1) to obtain as the result of a special procedure ; ascertain <take the temperature> <take a census> (2) to get in or as if in writing <take notes> <take an inventory> (3) to get by drawing or painting or by photography <take a snapshot> (4) to get by transference from one surface to another <take a proof> <take fingerprints> 12. to receive or accept whether willingly or reluctantly <take a bribe> <will you take this call> <take a bet>: as a. (1) to submit to ; endure <take a cut in pay> (2) withstand <it will take a lot of punishment> (3) suffer <took a direct hit> b. (1) to accept as true ; believe <I'll take your word for it> (2) follow <take my advice> (3) to accept or regard with the mind in a specified way <took the news hard> <you take yourself too seriously> c. to indulge in and enjoy <was taking his ease on the porch> d. to receive or accept as a return (as in payment, compensation, or reparation) <we don't take credit cards> e. to accept in a usually professional relationship — often used with on <agreed to take him on as a client> f. to refrain from hitting at (a pitched ball) <take a strike> 13. a. (1) to let in ; admit <the boat was taking water fast> (2) accommodate <the suitcase wouldn't take another thing> b. to be affected injuriously by (as a disease) ; contract <take cold>; also to be seized by <take a fit> <take fright> c. to absorb or become impregnated with (as dye); also to be effectively treated by <a surface that takes a fine polish> 14. a. apprehend, understand <how should I take your remark> b. consider, suppose <I take it you're not going> c. reckon, accept <taking a stride at 30 inches> d. feel, experience <take pleasure> <take an instant dislike to someone> <take offense> 15. a. to lead, carry, or cause to go along to another place <this bus will take you into town> <took an umbrella with her> b. to cause to move to a specified state, condition, or sphere of activity <took the company public> <took his team to the finals> c. to stop prescribing a specified regimen to — used with off <took him off the medication> 16. a. remove <take eggs from a nest> b. (1) to put an end to (life) (2) to remove by death <was taken in his prime> c. subtract <take two from four> d. exact <the weather took its toll> 17. a. to undertake and make, do, or perform <take a walk> <take aim> <take legal action> <take a test> <take a look> b. to participate in <take a meeting> 18. a. to deal with <take first things first> b. to consider or view in a particular relation <taken together, the details were significant>; especially to consider as an example <take style, for instance> c. (1) to apply oneself to the study of <take music lessons> <take French> (2) to study for especially successfully <taking a degree in engineering> <took holy orders> 19. to obtain money from especially fraudulently <took me for all I had> 20. to pass or attempt to pass through, along, or over <took the curve too fast> <take the stairs two at a time> intransitive verb 1. to obtain possession: as a. capture b. to receive property under law as one's own 2. to lay hold ; catch, hold 3. to establish a take especially by uniting or growing <90 percent of the grafts take> 4. a. to betake oneself ; set out ; go <take after a purse snatcher> b. chiefly dialect — used as an intensifier or redundantly with a following verb <took and swung at the ball> 5. a. to take effect ; act, operate <hoped the lesson he taught would take> b. to show the natural or intended effect <dry fuel takes readily> 6. charm, captivate <a taking smile> 7. detract 8. to be seized or attacked in a specified way ; become <took sick> • taker noun Synonyms: take, seize, grasp, clutch, snatch, grab mean to get hold of by or as if by catching up with the hand. take is a general term applicable to any manner of getting something into one's possession or control <take some salad from the bowl>. seize implies a sudden and forcible movement in getting hold of something tangible or an apprehending of something fleeting or elusive when intangible <seized the suspect>. grasp stresses a laying hold so as to have firmly in possession <grasp the handle and pull>. clutch suggests avidity or anxiety in seizing or grasping and may imply less success in holding <clutching her purse>. snatch suggests more suddenness or quickness but less force than seize <snatched a doughnut and ran>. grab implies more roughness or rudeness than snatch <grabbed roughly by the arm>. II. noun Date: 1654 1. something that is taken: a. the amount of money received ; proceeds, receipts, income b. share, cut <wanted a bigger take> c. the number or quantity (as of animals, fish, or pelts) taken at one time ; catch, haul d. a section or installment done as a unit or at one time e. (1) a scene filmed or televised at one time without stopping the camera (2) a sound recording made during a single recording period; especially a trial recording 2. an act or the action of taking: as a. the action of killing, capturing, or catching (as game or fish) b. (1) the uninterrupted photographing or televising of a scene (2) the making of a sound recording 3. a. a local or systemic reaction indicative of successful vaccination (as against smallpox) b. a successful union (as of a graft) 4. a visible response or reaction (as to something unexpected) <a delayed take> 5. a distinct or personal point of view, outlook, or assessment <was asked for her take on recent developments>; also a distinct treatment or variation <a new take on an old style>
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.