surcharge
I. transitive verb Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French surcharger, from sur- + charger to load, charge — more at charge Date: 15th century 1. a. overcharge b. to charge an extra fee c. to show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given 2. British overstock 3. to fill or load to excess <
the atmosphere…was surcharged with war hysteria — H. A. Chippendale
>
4. a. to mark a surcharge on (a stamp) b. overprint <
surcharge a banknote
>
II. noun Date: 15th century 1. a. an additional tax, cost, or impost b. an extra fare <
a sleeping car surcharge
>
c. an instance of surcharging an account 2. an excessive load or burden 3. the action of surcharging ; the state of being surcharged 4. a. (1) an overprint on a stamp; specifically one that alters the denomination (2) a stamp bearing such an overprint b. an overprint on a currency note

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • surcharge — [ syrʃarʒ ] n. f. • 1500; de surcharger I ♦ 1 ♦ Charge ajoutée à la charge ordinaire. ♢ Spécialt, Turf Surplus de poids imposé à un cheval. ⇒ handicap . ♢ Fig. ⇒ surcroît, surplus. Surcharge de dépenses, de travail. Spécialt Impôt qui s ajoute à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • surchargé — surcharge [ syrʃarʒ ] n. f. • 1500; de surcharger I ♦ 1 ♦ Charge ajoutée à la charge ordinaire. ♢ Spécialt, Turf Surplus de poids imposé à un cheval. ⇒ handicap . ♢ Fig. ⇒ surcroît, surplus. Surcharge de dépenses, de travail. Spécialt …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • surcharge — sur·charge 1 / sər ˌchärj/ vt 1: to impose a surcharge on surcharge a trustee for failing to exercise due care 2: to show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given surcharge 2 n 1: an ad …   Law dictionary

  • surchargé — surchargé, ée (sur char jé, jée) part. passé de surcharger. 1°   Qui a reçu une surcharge. Un cheval surchargé.    Par extension. Une famille surchargée d enfants.    Fig. •   Onze lustres complets surchargés de trois ans, BOILEAU Épît. X..… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • surcharge — Surcharge. s. f. Nouvelle charge adjoustée à une autre. Ce cheval est assez chargé, il ne luy faut point de surcharge. cette surcharge l accablera. Il se dit aussi au figur. Il avoit desja de la peine à subsister, & pour surcharge, il a perdu son …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Surcharge — Sur*charge , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Surcharged}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Surcharging}.] [F. surcharger. See {Sur }, and {Charge}, and cf. {Overcharge}, {Supercharge}, {Supercargo}.] 1. To overload; to overburden; to overmatch; to overcharge; as, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Surcharge — Sur*charge , n. [F.] 1. An overcharge; an excessive load or burden; a load greater than can well be borne. [1913 Webster] A numerous nobility causeth poverty and inconvenience in a state, for it is surcharge of expense. Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • surcharge — ► NOUN 1) an additional charge or payment. 2) a mark printed on a postage stamp changing its value. ► VERB 1) exact a surcharge from. 2) mark (a postage stamp) with a surcharge …   English terms dictionary

  • surcharge — [sʉr′chärj΄; ] also, for v. [, sər chärj′] vt. surcharged, surcharging [ME surchargen < OFr surcharger: see SUR 1 & CHARGE] 1. to overcharge 2. to overload; overburden 3. to fill to excess or beyond normal capac …   English World dictionary

  • surcharge — (v.) early 15c., from M.Fr. surcharger, from O.Fr. sur over (see SUR (Cf. sur )) + chargier to load (see CHARGE (Cf. charge)). The noun is also first attested early 15c …   Etymology dictionary

  • surcharge — An additional fee for nonstandard size mail or certain nonmachinable parcels …   Glossary of postal terms

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