I. noun Etymology: Middle English suget, subget, from Anglo-French, from Latin subjectus one under authority & subjectum subject of a proposition, from masculine & neuter respectively of subjectus, past participle of subicere to subject, literally, to throw under, from sub- + jacere to throw — more at jet Date: 14th century 1. one that is placed under authority or control: as a. vassal b. (1) one subject to a monarch and governed by the monarch's law (2) one who lives in the territory of, enjoys the protection of, and owes allegiance to a sovereign power or state 2. a. that of which a quality, attribute, or relation may be affirmed or in which it may inhere b. substratum; especially material or essential substance c. the mind, ego, or agent of whatever sort that sustains or assumes the form of thought or consciousness 3. a. a department of knowledge or learning b. motive, cause c. (1) one that is acted on <
the helpless subject of their cruelty
(2) an individual whose reactions or responses are studied (3) a dead body for anatomical study and dissection d. (1) something concerning which something is said or done <
the subject of the essay
(2) something represented or indicated in a work of art e. (1) the term of a logical proposition that denotes the entity of which something is affirmed or denied; also the entity denoted (2) a word or word group denoting that of which something is predicated f. the principal melodic phrase on which a musical composition or movement is based Synonyms: see citizensubjectless adjective II. adjective Date: 14th century 1. owing obedience or allegiance to the power or dominion of another 2. a. suffering a particular liability or exposure <
subject to temptation
b. having a tendency or inclination ; prone <
subject to colds
3. contingent on or under the influence of some later action <
the plan is subject to discussion
Synonyms: see liable III. transitive verb Date: 14th century 1. a. to bring under control or dominion ; subjugate b. to make (as oneself) amenable to the discipline and control of a superior 2. to make liable ; predispose 3. to cause or force to undergo or endure (something unpleasant, inconvenient, or trying) <
was subjected to constant verbal abuse
subjection noun

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Subject — may refer to: *An area of interest, also called a topic meaning , thing you are talking or discussing about . It can also be termed as the area of discussion . See Lists of topics and Lists of basic topics. **An area of knowledge; **The focus of… …   Wikipedia

  • subject — n 1 *citizen, national Antonyms: sovereign 2 Subject, matter, subject matter, argument, topic, text, theme, motive, motif, leitmotiv can mean the basic idea or the principal object of thought or attention in a discourse or artistic composition.… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Subject — Sub*ject , n. [From L. subjectus, through an old form of F. sujet. See {Subject}, a.] 1. That which is placed under the authority, dominion, control, or influence of something else. [1913 Webster] 2. Specifically: One who is under the authority… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • subject — [sub′jikt, sub′jekt΄; ] for v. [ səb jekt′] adj. [ME suget < OFr < L subjectus, pp. of subjicere, to place under, put under, subject < sub , under + jacere, to throw: see JET1] 1. under the authority or control of, or owing allegiance to …   English World dictionary

  • subject — sub·ject / səb ˌjekt/ n: the person upon whose life a life insurance policy is written and upon whose death the policy is payable: insured compare beneficiary b, policyholder Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster …   Law dictionary

  • Subject — Sub*ject , a. [OE. suget, OF. souzget, sougit (in which the first part is L. subtus below, fr. sub under), subgiet, subject, F. sujet, from L. subjectus lying under, subjected, p. p. of subjicere, subicere, to throw, lay, place, or bring under;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Subject — Sub*ject , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Subjected}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Subjecting}.] 1. To bring under control, power, or dominion; to make subject; to subordinate; to subdue. [1913 Webster] Firmness of mind that subjects every gratification of sense to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • subject — [adj] at the mercy of; answerable accountable, apt, at one’s feet*, bound by, captive, collateral, conditional, contingent, controlled, dependent, directed, disposed, enslaved, exposed, governed, in danger of, inferior, liable, likely, obedient,… …   New thesaurus

  • subject — ► NOUN 1) a person or thing that is being discussed, studied, or dealt with. 2) a branch of knowledge studied or taught. 3) Grammar the word or words in a sentence that name who or what performs the action of the verb. 4) a member of a state… …   English terms dictionary

  • subject — subject, the subject A term used in preference to alternatives such as ‘actor’ and ‘individual’ by writers in the structuralist tradition. Its use indicates a rejection of what such writers regard as the humanist assumptions carried by the… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Subject — (v. lat.), 1) das Untergelegte, das zu Grunde liegende, worauf sich etwas Anderes bezieht, wovon es ausgesagt wird; daher 2) in der Logik u. Grammatik, im Gegensatze zum Prädicat, das, wovon ein Anderes gedacht u. ausgesagt wird; 3) im… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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