state
I. noun Usage: often attributive Etymology: Middle English stat, from Anglo-French & Latin; Anglo-French estat, from Latin status, from stare to stand — more at stand Date: 13th century 1. a. mode or condition of being <
a state of readiness
>
b. (1) condition of mind or temperament <
in a highly nervous state
>
(2) a condition of abnormal tension or excitement 2. a. a condition or stage in the physical being of something <
insects in the larval state
>
<
the gaseous state of water
>
b. any of various conditions characterized by definite quantities (as of energy, angular momentum, or magnetic moment) in which an atomic system may exist 3. a. social position; especially high rank b. (1) elaborate or luxurious style of living (2) formal dignity ; pomp — usually used with in 4. a. a body of persons constituting a special class in a society ; estate 3 b. plural the members or representatives of the governing classes assembled in a legislative body c. obsolete a person of high rank (as a noble) 5. a. a politically organized body of people usually occupying a definite territory; especially one that is sovereign b. the political organization of such a body of people c. a government or politically organized society having a particular character <
a police state
>
<
the welfare state
>
6. the operations or concerns of the government of a country 7. a. one of the constituent units of a nation having a federal government <
the fifty states
>
b. plural, capitalized The United States of America 8. the territory of a state II. transitive verb (stated; stating) Date: 1579 1. to set by regulation or authority 2. to express the particulars of especially in words ; report; broadly to express in words • statable or stateable adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • state — [steɪt] noun 1. [countable usually singular] the condition that someone or something is in at a particular time: • The property market is in a poor state. • I personally think the economy is in a worse state than the Government has been admitting …   Financial and business terms

  • state — state, the state The state is a distinct set of institutions that has the authority to make the rules which govern society . It has, in the words of Max Weber, a ‘monopoly on legitimate violence’ within a specific territory. Hence, the state… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • State — (st[=a]t), n. [OE. stat, OF. estat, F. [ e]tat, fr. L. status a standing, position, fr. stare, statum, to stand. See {Stand}, and cf. {Estate}, {Status}.] 1. The circumstances or condition of a being or thing at any given time. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • state — n often attrib 1 a: a politically organized body of people usu. occupying a definite territory; esp: one that is sovereign b: the political organization that has supreme civil authority and political power and serves as the basis of government… …   Law dictionary

  • state — [stāt] n. [ME < OFr & L: OFr estat < L status, state, position, standing < pp. of stare, to STAND] 1. a set of circumstances or attributes characterizing a person or thing at a given time; way or form of being; condition [a state of… …   English World dictionary

  • state — state; state·hood; state·less; state·less·ness; state·let; state·li·ly; state·li·ness; state·sid·er; su·per·state; tung·state; un·state; mi·cro·state; mini·state; in·ter·state; state·ly; state·ment; …   English syllables

  • state — ► NOUN 1) the condition of someone or something at a particular time. 2) a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government. 3) a community or area forming part of a federal republic. 4) (the States) the… …   English terms dictionary

  • state — It is usual to spell it with a capital initial letter when it refers to political entities, either nations (The State of Israel / a State visit), or parts of a federal nation (the State of Virginia / crossing the State border), and when it means… …   Modern English usage

  • State — State, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Stating}.] 1. To set; to settle; to establish. [R.] [1913 Webster] I myself, though meanest stated, And in court now almost hated. Wither. [1913 Webster] Who calls the council, states the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • state — [n1] condition or mode of being accompaniment, attitude, capacity, case, category, chances, character, circumstance, circumstances, contingency, element, environment, essential, estate, event, eventuality, fix, footing, form, frame of mind, humor …   New thesaurus

  • State — (st[=a]t), a. 1. Stately. [Obs.] Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. Belonging to the state, or body politic; public. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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