Etymology: Middle English, from Old English standan; akin to Old High German stantan, stān to stand, Latin stare, Greek histanai to cause to stand, set, histasthai to stand, be standing
Date: before 12th century
a. to support oneself on the feet in an erect position
b. to be a specified height when fully erect <stands six feet two> c. to rise to an erect position 2. a. to take up or maintain a specified position or posture <stand aside> <can you stand on your head> b. to maintain one's position <stand firm> 3. to be in a particular state or situation <stands accused> 4. to hold a course at sea 5. obsolete hesitate 6. a. to have or maintain a relative position in or as if in a graded scale <stands first in the class> b. to be in a position to gain or lose because of an action taken or a commitment made <stands to make quite a profit> 7. chiefly British to be a candidate ; run 8. a. to rest or remain upright on a base or lower end <a clock stood on the mantle> b. to occupy a place or location <the house stands on a knoll> 9. a. to remain stationary or inactive <the car stood in the garage for a week> b. to gather slowly and remain <tears standing in her eyes> 10. agree, accord — used chiefly in the expression it stands to reason 11. a. to exist in a definite written or printed form <copy a passage exactly as it stands> b. to remain valid or efficacious <the order given last week still stands> 12. of a male animal to be available as a sire — used especially of horses 13. to refuse additional cards (as in blackjack) transitive verb 1. a. to endure or undergo successfully <this book will stand the test of time> b. to tolerate without flinching ; bear courageously <stands pain well> c. to endure the presence or personality of <can't stand the boss> d. to derive benefit or enjoyment from <you look like you could stand a drink> 2. to remain firm in the face of <stand a siege> 3. to submit to <stand trial> 4. a. to perform the duty of <stand guard> b. to participate in (a military formation) 5. to pay the cost of (a treat) ; pay for <I'll stand you a dinner> <stand drinks> 6. to cause to stand ; set upright 7. to make available for breeding <stand a stallion> Synonyms: see bear • stander noun II. noun Date: 1590 1. a. a halt for defense or resistance b. an often defensive effort of some duration or degree of success <a goal-line stand> c. (1) a stop made to give a performance <a 6-game stand at home> (2) a town where such a stop is made 2. an act of stopping or staying in one place 3. a. a place or post where one stands b. a strongly or aggressively held position especially on a debatable issue <took a stand against higher taxes> 4. a. the place taken by a witness for testifying in court b. plural (1) a section of the tiered seats for spectators of a sport or spectacle (2) the occupants of such seats c. a raised platform (as for a speaker or hunter) serving as a point of vantage 5. a. a small often open-air structure for a small retail business <a vegetable stand> <a hot dog stand> b. a site fit for business opportunity 6. a place where a passenger vehicle stops or parks <a taxi stand> 7. hive 2 8. a frame on or in which something may be placed for support 9. a group of plants growing in a continuous area 10. a standing posture
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.