spirit
I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French or Latin; Anglo-French, espirit, spirit, from Latin spiritus, literally, breath, from spirare to blow, breathe Date: 13th century 1. an animating or vital principle held to give life to physical organisms 2. a supernatural being or essence: as a. capitalized Holy Spirit b. soul 2a c. an often malevolent being that is bodiless but can become visible; specifically ghost 2 d. a malevolent being that enters and possesses a human being 3. temper or disposition of mind or outlook especially when vigorous or animated <
in high spirits
>
4. the immaterial intelligent or sentient part of a person 5. a. the activating or essential principle influencing a person <
acted in a spirit of helpfulness
>
b. an inclination, impulse, or tendency of a specified kind ; mood 6. a. a special attitude or frame of mind <
the money-making spirit was for a time driven back — J. A. Froude
>
b. the feeling, quality, or disposition characterizing something <
undertaken in a spirit of fun
>
7. a lively or brisk quality in a person or a person's actions 8. a person having a character or disposition of a specified nature 9. a mental disposition characterized by firmness or assertiveness <
denied the charge with spirit
>
10. a. distillate 1: as (1) the liquid containing ethyl alcohol and water that is distilled from an alcoholic liquid or mash — often used in plural (2) any of various volatile liquids obtained by distillation or cracking (as of petroleum, shale, or wood) — often used in plural b. a usually volatile organic solvent (as an alcohol, ester, or hydrocarbon) 11. a. prevailing tone or tendency <
spirit of the age
>
b. general intent or real meaning <
spirit of the law
>
12. an alcoholic solution of a volatile substance <
spirit of camphor
>
13. enthusiastic loyalty <
school spirit
>
14. capitalized, Christian Science god 1b Synonyms: see courage II. transitive verb Date: 1608 1. to infuse with spirit; especially animate <
hope and apprehension of feasibleness spirits all industry — John Goodman
>
2. to carry off usually secretly or mysteriously <
was hustled into a…motorcar and spirited off to the country — W. L. Shirer
>

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spirit — Spir it, n. [OF. espirit, esperit, F. esprit, L. spiritus, from spirare to breathe, to blow. Cf. {Conspire}, {Expire}, {Esprit}, {Sprite}.] 1. Air set in motion by breathing; breath; hence, sometimes, life itself. [Obs.] All of spirit would… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spirit — SPÍRIT, spirite, s.n. I. 1. Factor ideal al existenţei (opus materiei); conştiinţă, gândire; p. ext. minte, raţiune, intelect. ♦ Inteligenţă, deşteptăciune, isteţime; capacitate de imaginaţie, fantezie. ♢ expr. (Om) de (sau cu) spirit = (om) cu… …   Dicționar Român

  • Spirit — (engl.: Geist) ist: Spirit (Band), eine amerikanische Band Spirit (CAD), eine CAD Software für Windows Spirit Racing, ein ehemaliges Formel 1 Team Spirit (Parser), ein rekursiv absteigender objekt orientierter Parsergenerator Spirit (Raumsonde),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spirit — • Used in several different but allied senses: (1) as signifying a living, intelligent, incorporeal being, such as the soul; (2) as the fiery essence or breath (the Stoic pneuma) which was supposed to be the universal vital force; (3) as… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • spirit — [spir′it] n. [ME < OFr espirit < L spiritus, breath, courage, vigor, the soul, life, in LL(Ec), spirit < spirare, to blow, breathe < IE base * (s)peis , to blow > (prob.) Norw fisa, to puff, blow, OSlav piskati, to pipe, whistle] 1 …   English World dictionary

  • spirit — ► NOUN 1) a person s non physical being, composed of their character and emotions. 2) this regarded as surviving after the death of the body, often manifested as a ghost. 3) a supernatural being. 4) the prevailing or typical character, quality,… …   English terms dictionary

  • Spirit — Spir it, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Spirited}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Spiriting}.] 1. To animate with vigor; to excite; to encourage; to inspirit; as, civil dissensions often spirit the ambition of private men; sometimes followed by up. [1913 Webster] Many… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • špirit — špìrit m DEFINICIJA kem. alkohol koji se dobiva procesom alkoholnog vrenja od voćnih sokova, melase škroba i celuloze, a i sintetičkim putem; žesta SINTAGMA denaturirani špirit špirit kojem su dodane tvari da se ne može piti (nego upotrebljavati… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • spirit — [n1] soul, attitude air, animation, ardor, backbone*, boldness, breath, character, complexion, courage, dauntlessness, disposition, earnestness, energy, enterprise, enthusiasm, essence, fire, force, frame of mind, gameness, grit*, guts*, heart,… …   New thesaurus

  • spirit — I noun angel, anima, animation, apparition, ardor, boldness, bravery, character, characteristic quality, cheer, cheerfulness, complexion, courage, daring, dash, disposition, earnestness, energy, enterprise, enthusiasm, essence, essential part,… …   Law dictionary

  • špìrit — m kem. alkohol koji se dobiva procesom alkoholnog vrenja od voćnih sokova, melase škroba i celuloze, a i sintetičkim putem; žesta ∆ {{001f}}denaturirani ∼ špirit kojem su dodane tvari da se ne može piti (nego upotrebljavati kao gorivo) ✧… …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

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