sour
I. adjective Etymology: Middle English, from Old English sūr; akin to Old High German sūr sour, Lithuanian sūrus salty Date: before 12th century 1. causing or characterized by the one of the four basic taste sensations that is produced chiefly by acids <
sour pickles
>
— compare bitter, salt, sweet 2. a. (1) having the acid taste or smell of or as if of fermentation ; turned <
sour milk
>
(2) of or relating to fermentation b. smelling or tasting of decay ; rancid, rotten <
sour breath
>
c. (1) bad, wrong <
a project gone sour
>
(2) hostile, disenchanted <
went sour on Marxism
>
3. a. unpleasant, distasteful b. cross, sullen c. not up to the usual, expected, or standard quality or pitch 4. acid in reaction — used especially of soil 5. containing malodorous sulfur compounds — used especially of petroleum products • sourish adjectivesourly adverbsourness noun II. noun Date: before 12th century 1. a. something sour b. the primary taste sensation produced by acid stimuli 2. a cocktail consisting of a liquor (as whiskey), lemon or lime juice, sugar, and sometimes ice III. verb Date: 14th century intransitive verb to become sour transitive verb to make sour

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sour — Sour, a. [Compar. {Sourer}; superl. {Sourest}.] [OE. sour, sur, AS. s?r; akin to D. zuur, G. sauer, OHG. s?r, Icel. s?rr, Sw. sur, Dan. suur, Lith. suras salt, Russ. surovui harsh, rough. Cf. {Sorrel}, the plant.] 1. Having an acid or sharp,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sour — [sour] adj. [ME soure < OE sur, akin to Ger sauer, ON sūrr < IE * suro , sour, salty > Latvian sũrs, salty, bitter] 1. having the sharp, acid taste of lemon juice, vinegar, green fruit, etc. 2. made acid or rank by or as by fermentation… …   English World dictionary

  • Sour — Sour, v. t. [AS. s?rian to sour, to become sour.] 1. To cause to become sour; to cause to turn from sweet to sour; as, exposure to the air sours many substances. [1913 Webster] So the sun s heat, with different powers, Ripens the grape, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sour — sour, acid, acidulous, tart, dry mean having a taste devoid of sweetness. All but dry suggest the taste of lemons, vinegar, or of most unripe fruits. Sour and acid are often interchangeable, but sour is more likely to be chosen to describe… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • sour — sour; sour·berry; sour·dine; sour·i·quois; sour·ish; sour·ly; sour·ness; sour·sob; vav·a·sour; …   English syllables

  • sour — Ⅰ. sour UK US /saʊər/ verb [I or T] ► to become, or cause to become, less pleasant, friendly, or successful: »Meeting clients unexpectedly can sour a relationship. »Loans are souring, as bankruptcies and the bad debts they leave behind keep… …   Financial and business terms

  • Sour — 〈[saʊər] m.; od. s, 〉 alkohol. Mixgetränk mit Zitronen od. Limonensaft ● Whisky Sour [<engl. sour „sauer“] * * * Sour   [sur], Stadt in Südlibanon, Sur. * * * Sour [ zauɐ, engl. saʊə], der; [s], s [engl. sour, eigtl. = sauer]: stark… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • sour — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having a sharp taste like lemon or vinegar. 2) tasting or smelling rancid from fermentation or staleness. 3) resentful, bitter, or angry. ► NOUN ▪ a cocktail made by mixing a spirit with lemon or lime juice. ► VERB ▪ make or become …   English terms dictionary

  • sour — (adj.) O.E. sur, from P.Gmc. *suraz (Cf. O.N. surr, M.Du. suur, Du. zuur, O.H.G. sur, Ger. Sauer), from PIE root *suro sour, salty, bitter (Cf. O.C.S. syru, Rus. syroi moist, raw; Lith. suras salty …   Etymology dictionary

  • Sour — Sour, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Soured}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Souring}.] To become sour; to turn from sweet to sour; as, milk soon sours in hot weather; a kind temper sometimes sours in adversity. [1913 Webster] They keep out melancholy from the virtuous …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • SOUR — ist einen Cocktail, der aus einer Spirituose, Zitronensaft und Zucker besteht, vgl. Sour der rätoromanische Name der Gemeinde Sur GR im Kanton Graubünden, Schweiz. Die Akkürzung SOUR steht für Složena organizacija udruženoga rada (siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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