I. noun Etymology: Middle English sholder, from Old English sculdor; akin to Old High German scultra shoulder Date: before 12th century 1. a. the laterally projecting part of the human body formed of the bones and joints with their covering tissue by which the arm is connected with the trunk b. the region of the body of nonhuman vertebrates that corresponds to the shoulder but is less projecting 2. a. the two shoulders and the upper part of the back — usually used in plural b. plural capacity for bearing a task or blame <
placed the guilt squarely on his shoulders
3. a cut of meat including the upper joint of the foreleg and adjacent parts — see lamb illustration 4. the part of a garment at the wearer's shoulder 5. an area adjacent to or along the edge of a higher, more prominent, or more important part: as a. (1) the part of a hill or mountain near the top (2) a lateral protrusion or extension of a hill or mountain b. either edge of a roadway; specifically the part of a roadway outside of the traveled way 6. a rounded or sloping part (as of a stringed instrument or a bottle) where the neck joins the body • shouldered adjective II. verb (shouldered; shouldering) Date: 14th century transitive verb 1. to push or thrust with or as if with the shoulder ; jostle <
shouldered his way through the crowd
2. a. to place or bear on the shoulder <
shouldered her knapsack
b. to assume the burden or responsibility of <
shoulder the blame
intransitive verb to push with or as if with the shoulders aggressively

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shoulder — Shoul der, n. [OE. shulder, shuldre, schutder, AS. sculdor; akin to D. schoulder, G. schulter, OHG. scultarra, Dan. skulder, Sw. skuldra.] 1. (Anat.) The joint, or the region of the joint, by which the fore limb is connected with the body or with …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shoulder — [shōl′dər] n. [ME schuldere < OE sculdor, akin to Ger schulter < IE * skḷdhrā, shoulder blade used as a spade < base * (s)kel , to cut > SHELL, SHILLING, SKULL] 1. a) the joint connecting the arm or forelimb with the body b) the part… …   English World dictionary

  • shoulder — ► NOUN 1) the joint between the upper arm or forelimb and the main part of the body. 2) a joint of meat from the upper foreleg and shoulder blade of an animal. 3) a part of something resembling a shoulder, in particular a point at which a steep… …   English terms dictionary

  • Shoulder — Shoul der, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shouldered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shouldering}.] 1. To push or thrust with the shoulder; to push with violence; to jostle. [1913 Webster] As they the earth would shoulder from her seat. Spenser. [1913 Webster] Around… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shoulder — O.E. sculdor, from W.Gmc. *skuldro (Cf. M.Du. scouder, Du. schouder, O.Fris. skoldere, M.L.G. scholder, O.H.G. scultra, Ger. Schulter), of unknown origin, perhaps related to SHIELD (Cf. shield). Meaning edge of the road is attested from 1933. The …   Etymology dictionary

  • Shoulder — Shoul der, v. i. To push with the shoulder; to make one s way, as through a crowd, by using the shoulders; to move swaying the shoulders from side to side. A yoke of the great sulky white bullocks . . . came shouldering along together. Kipling.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shoulder — [v1] be responsible for accept, assume, bear, carry, take on, take upon oneself; concept 23 Ant. deny, refuse shoulder [v2] push, jostle bulldoze*, elbow, hustle, nudge, press, push aside, shove, thrust; concept 208 …   New thesaurus

  • shoulder — index assume (undertake), bear (support), bolster, maintain (sustain), underwrite Burton s Legal …   Law dictionary

  • Shoulder — Infobox Anatomy Name = PAGENAME Latin = articulatio humeri GraySubject = 81 GrayPage = 313 Caption = Diagram of the human shoulder joint Caption2 = Capsule of shoulder joint (distended). Anterior aspect. Width = 300 Precursor = System = Artery =… …   Wikipedia

  • shoulder — shoul|der1 W2S2 [ˈʃəuldə US ˈʃouldər] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(body part)¦ 2¦(clothes)¦ 3¦(meat)¦ 4 be looking over your shoulder 5 6 shoulder to shoulder 7 on somebody s shoulders 8 put your shoulder to the wheel 9¦(road side)¦ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shoulder — [[t]ʃo͟ʊldə(r)[/t]] ♦♦ shoulders, shouldering, shouldered 1) N COUNT: oft poss N Your shoulders are between your neck and the tops of your arms. She led him to an armchair, with her arm round his shoulder... He glanced over his shoulder and saw… …   English dictionary

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