shear
I. verb (sheared; sheared or shorn; shearing) Etymology: Middle English sheren, from Old English scieran; akin to Old Norse skera to cut, Latin curtus mutilated, curtailed, Greek keirein to cut, shear, Sanskrit kṛnāti he injures Date: before 12th century transitive verb 1. a. to cut off the hair from <
with crown shorn
>
b. to cut or clip (as hair or wool) from someone or something; also to cut something from <
shear a lawn
>
c. chiefly Scottish to reap with a sickle d. to cut or trim with shears or a similar instrument 2. to cut with something sharp 3. to deprive of something as if by cutting <
lives shorn of any hope — M. W. Browne
>
4. a. to subject to a shear force b. to cause (as a rock mass) to move along the plane of contact intransitive verb 1. to cut through something with or as if with a sharp instrument 2. chiefly Scottish to reap crops with a sickle 3. to become divided under the action of a shear <
the bolt may shear off
>
shearer noun II. noun Date: before 12th century 1. a. (1) a cutting implement similar or identical to a pair of scissors but typically larger — usually used in plural (2) one blade of a pair of shears b. any of various cutting tools or machines operating by the action of opposed cutting edges of metal — usually used in plural c. (1) something resembling a shear or a pair of shears (2) a hoisting apparatus consisting of two or sometimes more upright spars fastened together at their upper ends and having tackle for masting or dismasting ships or lifting heavy loads (as guns) — usually used in plural but sing. or plural in constr. 2. chiefly British the action or process or an instance of shearing — used in combination to indicate the approximate age of sheep in terms of shearings undergone 3. a. internal force tangential to the section on which it acts — called also shearing force b. an action or stress resulting from applied forces that causes or tends to cause two contiguous parts of a body to slide relatively to each other in a direction parallel to their plane of contact

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shear — Shear, n. [AS. sceara. See {Shear}, v. t.] 1. A pair of shears; now always used in the plural, but formerly also in the singular. See {Shears}. [1913 Webster] On his head came razor none, nor shear. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Short of the wool, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shear — (sh[=e]r), v. t. [imp. {Sheared}or {Shore};p. p. {Sheared} or {Shorn}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shearing}.] [OE. sheren, scheren, to shear, cut, shave, AS. sceran, scieran, scyran; akin to D. & G. scheren, Icel. skera, Dan. ski?re, Gr. ???. Cf. {Jeer},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shear — vb Shear, poll, clip, trim, prune, lop, snip, crop are comparable when they mean to cut off something (as a piece, an excrescence, or a limb). Shear is the most general word of this group; it usually implies the use of a sharp cutting instrument… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Shear — ist der Name folgender Personen: Rhonda Shear (* 1954), US amerikanische Schauspielerin und Moderatorin Tom Shear (* 1971), US amerikanischer Sänger und Musiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrere …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • shear — [ʃıə US ʃır] v past tense sheared past participle sheared or shorn [ʃo:n US ʃo:rn] [T] [: Old English; Origin: scieran] 1.) to cut the wool off a sheep 2.) literary to cut off someone s hair ▪ Her long fair hair had been shorn …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shear — (v.) O.E. sceran, scieran (class IV strong verb; past tense scear, pp. scoren), from P.Gmc. *sker to cut (Cf. O.N., O.Fris. skera, Du. scheren, Ger. scheren to shear ), from PIE * (s)ker to cut, to scrape, to hack (Cf. Skt. krnati hurts, wounds,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Shear — Shear, v. i. 1. To deviate. See {Sheer}. [1913 Webster] 2. (Engin.) To become more or less completely divided, as a body under the action of forces, by the sliding of two contiguous parts relatively to each other in a direction parallel to their… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shear — shear, sheer Shear is a verb meaning ‘to remove by cutting’ or ‘to cut the wool off (a sheep)’, and has the past form sheared and the past participle shorn or (in the context of metal cutting) sheared. Sheer is an adjective describing a steep… …   Modern English usage

  • shear — ► VERB (past part. shorn or sheared) 1) cut the wool off (a sheep or other animal). 2) cut off with scissors or shears. 3) (be shorn of) be deprived or stripped of. 4) break off or cause to break off, owing to a structural strain. ► …   English terms dictionary

  • Shear — Shear. См. скол. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • shear — [ ʃır ] (past tense sheared; past participle sheared or shorn [ ʃɔrn ] ) verb 1. ) transitive to cut the wool from a sheep 2. ) intransitive or transitive to cut or break something: His airplane sheared off the tops of the trees …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”