I. noun Etymology: perhaps from English dialect sham shame, alteration of English shame Date: 1677 1. a trick that deludes ; hoax <
feared that the deal was a sham
2. cheap falseness ; hypocrisy <
saw through the hollowness, the sham, the silliness of the empty pageant — Oscar Wilde
3. an ornamental covering for a pillow 4. an imitation or counterfeit purporting to be genuine 5. a person who shams Synonyms: see imposture II. adjective Date: 1681 1. not genuine ; false, feigned 2. having such poor quality as to seem false III. verb (shammed; shamming) Date: 1739 transitive verb to go through the external motions necessary to counterfeit intransitive verb to act intentionally so as to give a false impression ; feign Synonyms: see assumeshammer noun

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • sham — 1 / sham/ n: something that is false, deceptive, misleading, or otherwise not genuine sham 2 adj: not genuine: intended to mislead or deceive: false illusory the sale for one dollar was a sham transfer of property Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of… …   Law dictionary

  • Sham — Sham, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shammed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shamming}.] 1. To trick; to cheat; to deceive or delude with false pretenses. [1913 Webster] Fooled and shammed into a conviction. L Estrange. [1913 Webster] 2. To obtrude by fraud or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sham — /sham/, n., adj., v., shammed, shamming. n. 1. something that is not what it purports to be; a spurious imitation; fraud or hoax. 2. a person who shams; shammer. 3. a cover or the like for giving a thing a different outward appearance: a pillow… …   Universalium

  • Sham — (sh[a^]m), n. [Originally the same word as shame, hence, a disgrace, a trick. See {Shame}, n.] 1. That which deceives expectation; any trick, fraud, or device that deludes and disappoints; a make believe; delusion; imposture; humbug. A mere sham …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sham — adj being a treatment or procedure that is performed as a control and that is similar to but omits a key therapeutic element of the treatment or procedure under investigation <sham surgery, in which doctors make an incision in a patient s knee …   Medical dictionary

  • Sham — Sham, a. False; counterfeit; pretended; feigned; unreal; as, a sham fight. [1913 Webster] They scorned the sham independence proffered to them by the Athenians. Jowett (Thucyd) [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sham — puede referirse a: País de Sham, una región histórico cultural de Oriente Medio. Sham, nombre de la estrella α Sagittae. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de …   Wikipedia Español

  • sham — (n.) 1670s, a trick, a hoax, a fraud, perhaps from sham, a northern dialectal variant of SHAME (Cf. shame) (q.v.). Sense of Something meant to be mistaken for something else is from 1728. The meaning in pillow sham (1721) is from the notion of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • sham# — sham n *imposture, cheat, fake, humbug, fraud, deceit, deception, counterfeit Analogous words: *pretense, pretension, make believe: *trick, ruse, feint, wile, gambit, ploy sham vb feign, simulate, counterfeit, pretend, *assume, affect Analogous… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • sham — [adj] artificial, counterfeit adulterated, affected, assumed, bogus*, dummy, ersatz*, fake, false, feigned, fictitious, forged, fraudulent, imitation, lying, make believe, misleading, mock, phony, plaster*, pretend, pretended, pseudo*, simulated …   New thesaurus

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