scratch
I. verb Etymology: Middle English scracchen, probably blend of scratten to scratch and cracchen to scratch Date: 15th century transitive verb 1. to scrape or dig with the claws or nails 2. to rub and tear or mark the surface of with something sharp or jagged 3. a. to scrape or rub lightly (as to relieve itching) b. to act on (a desire) — used with itch <
scratch the itch to travel
>
4. to scrape together ; collect with difficulty or by effort <
scratch out a living
>
5. to write or draw on a surface 6. a. to cancel or erase by or as if by drawing a line through b. to withdraw (an entry) from competition 7. scribble, scrawl 8. to scrape along a rough surface <
scratch a match
>
intransitive verb 1. to use the claws or nails in digging, tearing, or wounding 2. to scrape or rub oneself lightly (as to relieve itching) 3. to gather money or make a living by hard work and especially through irregular means and sacrifice <
had to scratch and save for college
>
4. a. to make a thin grating sound b. to produce a rhythmic scratching sound by moving a phonograph record back and forth under a phonograph needle 5. to withdraw from a contest or engagement 6. to make a scratch in billiards or pool • scratcher noun II. noun Date: circa 1586 1. a mark or injury produced by scratching; also a slight wound 2. scrawl, scribble 3. the sound made by scratching 4. the starting line in a race 5. a. a test of courage b. satisfactory condition, level, or performance <
not up to scratch
>
6. a contestant whose name is withdrawn 7. poultry feed (as mixed grains) scattered on the litter or ground especially to induce birds to exercise — called also scratch feed 8. a. a shot in billiards or pool that ends a player's turn; specifically a shot in pool in which the cue ball falls into the pocket b. a shot that scores by chance ; fluke 9. slang money, funds III. adjective Date: 1851 1. arranged or put together with little selection ; haphazard <
a scratch team
>
2. made as or used for a tentative effort 3. made or done by chance and not as intended <
a scratch shot
>
4. having no handicap or allowance <
a scratch golfer
>
5. made from scratch ; made with basic ingredients <
a scratch cake
>

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • scratch — [ skratʃ ] adj. inv. • 1854; mot angl. « rail, ligne de départ » ♦ Anglic. Autom. Temps, classement scratch : meilleur temps ou classement toutes catégories. ● scratch adjectif invariable (anglais scratch, marque) Au golf, se dit d un joueur qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Scratch — may refer to:MusicRecordings* Scratch (album), by Kaela Kimura * Scratch (soundtrack), the soundtrack to the film Scratch * Peter Gabriel (1978 album), a self titled album often referred to as Scratch * Scratch, a song by Morphine on the album… …   Wikipedia

  • Scratch — Scratch, скретч: Скретч  звуковой эффект, получаемый ручным продёргиванием звуковой дорожки грампластинки или магнитной ленты при воспроизведении; также, звуковой эффект при игре на гитаре, получаемый при скольжении по обмотке струн пальцев… …   Википедия

  • scratch — ► VERB 1) make a long mark or wound on (a surface) with something sharp or pointed. 2) rub (a part of one s body) with one s fingernails to relieve itching. 3) (of a bird or mammal) rake the ground with the beak or claws in search of food. 4)… …   English terms dictionary

  • scratch — [skrach] vt. [LME scracchen, prob. altered < scratten, to scratch, based on cracchen < or akin to MDu cratsen, to scratch < IE base * gred > Alb gërüj, (I) scratch] 1. to mark, break, or cut the surface of slightly with something… …   English World dictionary

  • Scratch — Scratch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scratched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scratching}.] [OE. cracchen (perhaps influenced by OE. scratten to scratch); cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n, G. kratzen, OD. kratsen, kretsen, D. krassen, Sw. kratsa to scrape, kratta to rake, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — Scratch, n. 1. A break in the surface of a thing made by scratching, or by rubbing with anything pointed or rough; a slight wound, mark, furrow, or incision. [1913 Webster] The coarse file . . . makes deep scratches in the work. Moxon. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — (engl.: Kratzer, Schramme) bezeichnet: Scratchen oder Scratching, das bewegen einer Schallplatte durch einen DJ Scratch (Bahnradsport), eine Disziplin im Bahnradsport Scratch (Programmiersprache), eine visuelle Programmiersprache Scratch building …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scratch — scratch; scratch·able; scratch·brush·er; scratch·er; scratch·i·ly; scratch·i·ness; scratch·ings; scratch·less; …   English syllables

  • Scratch — Scratch, a. Made, done, or happening by chance; arranged with little or no preparation; determined by circumstances; haphazard; as, a scratch team; a scratch crew for a boat race; a scratch shot in billiards. [Slang] [1913 Webster] {Scratch race} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scratch — [skrætʃ] <Adv.> [engl., zu scratch = hinterste Startlinie bei Handicaprennen] (Golf): ohne Vorgabe: er spielt s. * * * Scratch   [englisch/amerikanisch, skrætʃ; wörtlich »zerkratzen, streichen«], 1) kurzer, sofort abgedämpfter… …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”