scale
I. noun Etymology: Middle English scole, scale bowl, scale of a balance, from Old Norse skāl; akin to Old Norse skel shell — more at shell Date: 14th century 1. a. either pan or tray of a balance b. a beam that is supported freely in the center and has two pans of equal weight suspended from its ends — usually used in plural 2. an instrument or machine for weighing II. verb (scaled; scaling) Date: 1691 transitive verb to weigh in scales intransitive verb to have a specified weight on scales III. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French escale, eschale, of Germanic origin; akin to Old English scealu shell, husk — more at shell Date: 14th century 1. a. a small, flattened, rigid, and definitely circumscribed plate forming part of the external body covering especially of a fish b. a small thin plate suggesting a fish scale <
scales of mica
>
<
the scales on a moth's wing
>
c. the scaly covering of a scaled animal 2. a small thin dry lamina shed (as in many skin diseases) from the skin 3. a thin coating, layer, or incrustation: as a. a usually black scaly coating of oxide forming on the surface of a metal (as iron) when it is heated for processing b. a hard incrustation usually rich in sulfate of calcium that is deposited on the inside of a vessel (as a boiler) in which water is heated 4. a. a modified leaf protecting a seed plant bud before expansion b. a thin, membranous, chaffy, or woody bract 5. a. any of the small overlapping usually metal pieces forming the outer surface of scale armor b. scale armor 6. a. scale insect b. infestation with or disease caused by scale insects • scaled adjectivescaleless adjective IV. verb (scaled; scaling) Date: 15th century transitive verb 1. to remove the scale or scales from (as by scraping) <
scale a fish
>
2. to take off in thin layers or scales <
scale tartar from the teeth
>
3. to throw (as a thin flat stone) so that the edge cuts the air or so that it skips on water ; skim intransitive verb 1. to separate and come off in scales ; flake 2. to shed scales <
scaling skin
>
V. verb (scaled; scaling) Etymology: Middle English, from 6scale Date: 14th century transitive verb 1. a. to attack with or take by means of scaling ladders <
scale a castle wall
>
b. to climb up or reach by means of a ladder c. to reach the highest point of ; surmount <
scale a mountain
>
2. a. to arrange in a graduated series b. (1) to measure by or as if by a scale (2) to measure or estimate the sound content of (as logs) c. to pattern, make, regulate, set, or estimate according to some rate or standard ; adjust <
a production schedule scaled to actual need
>
— often used with back, down, or up <
scale down imports
>
intransitive verb 1. to climb by or as if by a ladder 2. to rise in a graduated series 3. measure VI. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Late Latin scala ladder, staircase, from Latin scalae, plural, stairs, rungs, ladder; akin to Latin scandere to climb — more at scan Date: 15th century 1. a. obsolete ladder b. archaic a means of ascent 2. a graduated series of musical tones ascending or descending in order of pitch according to a specified scheme of their intervals 3. something graduated especially when used as a measure or rule: as a. a series of marks or points at known intervals used to measure distances (as the height of the mercury in a thermometer) b. an indication of the relationship between the distances on a map and the corresponding actual distances c. ruler 3 4. a. a graduated series or scheme of rank or order <
a scale of taxation
>
b. minimum wage 2 5. a. a proportion between two sets of dimensions (as between those of a drawing and its original) b. a distinctive relative size, extent, or degree <
projects done on a large scale
>
6. a graded series of tests or of performances used in rating individual intelligence or achievement • scale adjective VII. noun Etymology: 5scale Date: circa 1587 1. obsolete escalade 2. an estimate of the amount of sound lumber in logs or standing timber

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • scale — scale1 [skāl] n. [ME < LL scala (in Vulg., Jacob s ladder) < L, usually as pl., scalae, flight of stairs, ladder < * scandsla < scandere, to climb: see DESCEND] 1. Obs. a) a ladder or flight of stairs b) any means of ascent 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Scale — Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps rather… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scale — Ⅰ. scale [1] ► NOUN 1) each of the small overlapping plates protecting the skin of fish and reptiles. 2) a thick dry flake of skin. 3) a white deposit formed in a kettle, boiler, etc. by the evaporation of water containing lime. 4) tartar formed… …   English terms dictionary

  • Scale — Scale, n. [L. scalae, pl., scala staircase, ladder; akin to scandere to climb. See {Scan}; cf. {Escalade}.] 1. A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, anything graduated, especially when employed as a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — (sk[=a]l), n. [AS. sc[=a]le; perhaps influenced by the kindred Icel. sk[=a]l balance, dish, akin also to D. schaal a scale, bowl, shell, G. schale, OHG. sc[=a]la, Dan. skaal drinking cup, bowl, dish, and perh. to E. scale of a fish. Cf. {Scale}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scaled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scaling}.] To weigh or measure according to a scale; to measure; also, to grade or vary according to a scale or system. [1913 Webster] Scaling his present bearing with his past. Shak. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. 1. To strip or clear of scale or scales; as, to scale a fish; to scale the inside of a boiler. [1913 Webster] 2. To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the teeth; to pare off, as a surface. If all the mountains were… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [Cf. It. scalare, fr. L. scalae, scala. See {Scale} a ladder.] To climb by a ladder, or as if by a ladder; to ascend by steps or by climbing; to clamber up; as, to scale the wall of a fort. [1913 Webster] Oft have I scaled the craggy …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scale — [n1] graduated system calibration, computation, degrees, extent, gamut, gradation, hierarchy, ladder, order, pecking order*, progression, proportion, range, ranking, rate, ratio, reach, register, rule, scope, sequence, series, spectrum, spread,… …   New thesaurus

  • Scale — Scale, v. i. 1. To separate and come off in thin layers or lamin[ae]; as, some sandstone scales by exposure. [1913 Webster] Those that cast their shell are the lobster and crab; the old skins are found, but the old shells never; so it is likely… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scale — n: a set of graduated wage rates; also: a wage consistent with such rates compare minimum wage Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. scale …   Law dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”