I. verb (ruffled; ruffling) Etymology: Middle English ruffelen; akin to Low German ruffelen to crumple Date: 14th century transitive verb 1. a. roughen, abrade b. trouble, vex <
is not ruffled by such barbs — Bruce Anderson
2. to erect (as feathers) in or like a ruff 3. a. to flip through (as pages) b. shuffle 4. to make into a ruffle intransitive verb to become ruffled <
their dispositions ruffle perceptibly — Life
II. noun Date: 1534 1. commotion, brawl 2. a state or cause of irritation 3. a. a strip of fabric gathered or pleated on one edge b. ruff II,2 4. an unevenness or disturbance of surface ; rippleruffly adjective III. noun Etymology: ruff a drumbeat Date: circa 1802 a low vibrating drumbeat less loud than a roll

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


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