I. adjective (rougher; roughest) Etymology: Middle English, from Old English rūh; akin to Old High German rūh rough, Lithuanian raukas wrinkle Date: before 12th century 1. a. marked by inequalities, ridges, or projections on the surface ; coarse b. covered with or made up of coarse and often shaggy hair <
rough-coated collie
— compare smooth, wirehaired c. (1) having a broken, uneven, or bumpy surface <
rough terrain
(2) difficult to travel through or penetrate ; wild <
into the rough woods — P. B. Shelley
2. a. turbulent, tempestuous <
rough seas
b. (1) characterized by harshness, violence, or force (2) presenting a challenge ; difficult <
rough to deal with — R. M. McAlmon
3. coarse or rugged in character or appearance: as a. harsh to the ear b. crude in style or expression c. indelicate d. marked by a lack of refinement or grace ; uncouth 4. a. crude, unfinished <
rough carpentry
b. executed or ventured hastily, tentatively, or imperfectly <
a rough draft
rough estimate
; also approximate <
a rough idea
roughish adjectiveroughness noun Synonyms: rough, harsh, uneven, rugged, scabrous mean not smooth or even. rough implies points, bristles, ridges, or projections on the surface <
a rough wooden board
. harsh implies a surface or texture distinctly unpleasant to the touch <
a harsh fabric that chafes the skin
. uneven implies a lack of uniformity in height, breadth, or quality <
an old house with uneven floors
. rugged implies irregularity or roughness of land surface and connotes difficulty of travel <
a rugged landscape
. scabrous implies scaliness or prickliness of surface <
a scabrous leaf
. Synonym: see in addition rude. II. adverb Date: 14th century 1. roughly 1 2. British without usual conveniences; especially without proper shelter <
become homeless and have to sleep roughLondon Times
III. noun Date: 15th century 1. uneven ground covered with high grass, brush, and stones; specifically such ground bordering a golf fairway 2. the rugged or disagreeable side or aspect <
hiking-camping admirers of nature in the rough — Eleanor Stirling
3. a. something in a crude, unfinished, or preliminary state b. broad outline ; general terms <
the question…has been discussed in roughManchester Guardian Weekly
c. a hasty preliminary drawing or layout 4. rowdy IV. transitive verb Date: 1763 1. roughen 2. a. to subject to abuse ; manhandle, beat — usually used with up b. to subject to unnecessary and intentional violence in a sport <
a penalty for roughing the passer
c. shell 3 — used with up <
was roughed up for six runs
3. to calk or otherwise roughen (a horse's shoes) to prevent slipping 4. a. to shape, make, or dress in a rough or preliminary way b. to indicate the chief lines of <
rough out the structure of a building
rougher noun

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • rough — [ruf] adj. [ME ruh, rugh < OE ruh, akin to Ger rauh < IE * reuk < base * reu , to tear, tear out (> RUG, ROTTEN): prob. basic sense “hairy, woolly”] 1. a) not smooth or level; having bumps, projections, etc.; uneven [a rough surface]… …   English World dictionary

  • Rough — Rough, a. [Compar. {Rougher}; superl. {Roughest}.] [OE. rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. {Rug}, n.] 1. Having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — adj 1 Rough, harsh, uneven, rugged, scabrous are comparable when they mean not having a smooth or even surface, exterior, or texture. Rough, the usual and comprehensive word, basically applies to whatever may be said to have a surface or an… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • rough — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level. 2) not gentle; violent or boisterous: rough treatment. 3) (of weather or the sea) wild and stormy. 4) lacking sophistication or refinement. 5) not finished tidily; plain… …   English terms dictionary

  • rough — [rʌf] adjective 1. a rough figure or amount is not exact: • It is possible to give here only very rough figures. • I can only give you a rough estimate at this stage. 2. not finished: • a rough draft of the report 3 …   Financial and business terms

  • rough — [ rɶf ] n. m. • 1932; mot angl. « raboteux, grossier » ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Golf Partie d un terrain de golf non entretenue. 2 ♦ Ébauche, projet, dans les arts graphiques. Faire des roughs. ● rough nom masculin (anglais rough, terrain accidenté) Terrain …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rough — Rough, v. t. 1. To render rough; to roughen. [1913 Webster] 2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes. Crabb. [1913 Webster] 3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — rough, roughen Rough is used as a verb chiefly in the expressions to rough it (= do without basic comforts), to rough out (= to make a sketch of), to rough up (= to attack). Otherwise the verb from rough, meaning ‘to make or become rough’ is… …   Modern English usage

  • Rough — Rough, n. 1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] Fletcher. [1913 Webster] 2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy. [1913 Webster] {In the rough}, in an unwrought or rude condition; unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rough — may refer to:* Roughness * Rough, the area outside the fairway in golf * Rough (manga) * Rough (facility), gas storage in England * Rough (Tina Turner Album) …   Wikipedia

  • rough — [adj1] uneven, irregular asperous, bearded, brambly, bristly, broken, bumpy, bushy, chapped, choppy, coarse, cragged, craggy, cross grained, disheveled, fuzzy, hairy, harsh, jagged, knobby, knotty, nappy, nodular, not smooth, ridged, rocky,… …   New thesaurus

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