I. adjective Etymology: Latin reciprocus returning the same way, alternating Date: 1570 1. a. inversely related ; opposite b. of, constituting, or resulting from paired crosses in which the kind that supplies the male parent of the first cross supplies the female parent of the second cross and vice versa 2. shared, felt, or shown by both sides 3. serving to reciprocate ; consisting of or functioning as a return in kind <
the reciprocal devastation of nuclear war
4. a. mutually corresponding <
agreed to extend reciprocal privileges to each other's citizens
b. marked by or based on reciprocity <
reciprocal trade agreements
reciprocally adverb II. noun Date: 1570 1. something in a reciprocal relationship to another 2. either of a pair of numbers (as 2/3 and 3/2 or 9 and 1/9) whose product is one; broadly multiplicative inverse

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reciprocal — Re*cip ro*cal (r[ e]*s[i^]p r[ o]*kal), a. [L. reciprocus; of unknown origin.] 1. Recurring in vicissitude; alternate. [1913 Webster] 2. Done by each to the other; interchanging or interchanged; given and received; due from each to each; mutual;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • reciprocal — 1 Reciprocal, mutual, common mean shared, experienced, or shown by each of the persons or things concerned. Reciprocal has for its distinctive implication the return in due measure by each of two sides of whatever is offered, given, or manifested …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Reciprocal — may refer to:*Multiplicative inverse, in mathematics, the number 1/ x , which multiplied by x gives the product 1, also known as a reciprocal *Reciprocal (grammar), a relationship between grammatical agents *Reciprocal altruism, a form of… …   Wikipedia

  • reciprocal — re·cip·ro·cal /ri si prə kəl/ adj 1 a: mutual (2) b: bilateral a reciprocal contract 2: characterized by correspondence or equivalence es …   Law dictionary

  • reciprocal — [ri sip′rə kəl] adj. [< L reciprocus, returning, reciprocal < * reco prokos, backwards and forwards < * recos (< re , back + * cos < ?) + IE * proko , ahead (> Gr proka, forthwith) < base * pro , forward, ahead + AL] 1. done …   English World dictionary

  • Reciprocal — Re*cip ro*cal, n. 1. That which is reciprocal to another thing. [1913 Webster] Corruption is a reciprocal to generation. Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2. (Arith. & Alg.) The quotient arising from dividing unity by any quantity; thus 1/4 is the reciprocal …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • reciprocal — re‧cip‧ro‧cal [rɪˈsɪprəkl] adjective a reciprocal arrangement or relationship is one in which two people, countries etc do or give the same things to each other, usually so that each is helped in some way * * * reciprocal UK US /rɪˈsɪprəkəl/… …   Financial and business terms

  • reciprocal — The reciprocal pronouns are each other and one another. See each 3 …   Modern English usage

  • reciprocal — (adj.) 1560s, from L. reciprocus returning the same way, alternating, from pre L. *reco proco , from *recus (from re back + cus, adjective formation) + *procus (from pro forward + cus, adjective formation) …   Etymology dictionary

  • reciprocal — [adj] exchanged, alternate changeable, companion, complementary, convertible, coordinate, correlative, corresponding, dependent, double, duplicate, equivalent, exchangeable, fellow, give and take*, interchangeable, interdependent, matching,… …   New thesaurus

  • reciprocal — ► ADJECTIVE 1) given, felt, or done in return. 2) (of an agreement or arrangement) bearing on or binding two parties equally. 3) Grammar (of a pronoun or verb) expressing mutual action or relationship (e.g. each other, they kissed). ► NOUN… …   English terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”