Etymology: Middle English putten; akin to Old English putung instigation, Middle Dutch poten to plant
Date: 12th century
a. to place in a specified position or relationship ; lay <put the book on the table> b. to move in a specified direction c. (1) to send (as a weapon or missile) into or through something ; thrust (2) to throw with an overhand pushing motion <put the shot> d. to bring into a specified state or condition <a reapportionment…that was put into effect at the September primaries — Current Biography> e. to prescribe a specified regimen for — usually used with on <put her on medication> <put him on a diet> 2. a. to cause to endure or suffer something ; subject <put traitors to death> b. impose, inflict <put a special tax on luxuries> 3. a. to set before one for judgment or decision <put the question> b. to call for a formal vote on <put the motion> 4. a. (1) to convey into another form <want to put my feelings into words> (2) to translate into another language or style <put the poem into English> (3) adapt <lyrics put to music> b. express, state <putting it mildly> 5. a. to devote (oneself) to an activity or end <put himself to winning back their confidence> b. apply <put her mind to the problem> c. assign <put them to work> d. to cause to perform an action ; urge <put the horse over the fence> e. impel, incite <put them into a frenzy> 6. a. repose, rest <puts his faith in reason> b. invest 1 <put her money in the company> 7. a. to give as an estimate <put the time as about eleven> b. attach, attribute <puts a high value on their friendship> c. impute <put the blame on the partners> 8. bet, wager <put $2 on the favorite> intransitive verb 1. to start in motion ; go; especially to leave in a hurry 2. of a ship to take a specified course <put down the river> II. noun Date: 14th century 1. a throw made with an overhand pushing motion; specifically the act or an instance of putting the shot 2. an option to sell a specified amount of a security (as a stock) or commodity (as wheat) at a fixed price at or within a specified time — compare call 3d III. adjective Date: 1841 being in place ; fixed, set <stay put until I call>
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.