prime
I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Old English prīm, from Latin prima hora first hour Date: before 12th century 1. a. often capitalized the second of the canonical hours b. the first hour of the day usually considered either as 6 a.m. or the hour of sunrise 2. a. the earliest stage b. spring c. youth 3. the most active, thriving, or satisfying stage or period <
in the prime of his life
>
4. the chief or best individual or part ; pick <
prime of the flock, and choicest of the stall — Alexander Pope
>
5. prime number 6. a. the first note or tone of a musical scale ; tonic b. the interval between two notes on the same staff degree 7. the symbol ′ used to distinguish arbitrary characters (as a and a′), to indicate a specific unit (as feet or minutes of time or angular measure), or to indicate the derivative of a function (as p′ or f′(x)) — compare double prime 8. prime rate II. adjective Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, feminine of prim first, from Latin primus; akin to Latin prior Date: 14th century 1. first in time ; original 2. a. of, relating to, or being a prime number — compare relatively prime b. having no polynomial factors other than itself and no monomial factors other than 1 <
a prime polynomial
>
c. expressed as a product of prime factors (as prime numbers and prime polynomials) <
a prime factorization
>
3. a. first in rank, authority, or significance ; principal <
a prime example
>
b. having the highest quality or value <
prime farmland
>
c. of the highest grade regularly marketed — used of meat and especially beef 4. not deriving from something else ; primaryprimely adverbprimeness noun III. verb (primed; priming) Etymology: probably from 1prime Date: 1513 transitive verb 1. fill, load 2. a. to prepare for firing by supplying with priming b. to insert a primer into (a cartridge case) 3. to apply the first color, coating, or preparation to <
prime a wall
>
4. a. to put into working order by filling or charging with something <
prime a pump with water
>
b. to supply with an essential prerequisite (as a hormone, nucleic acid, or antigen) for chemical or biological activity <
primed female mice with estrogen
>
5. to instruct beforehand ; coach <
primed the witness
>
6. stimulate intransitive verb to become prime

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • prime — 1. (pri m ) adj.    Mot ancien qui signifiait premier, et qui n est plus usité seul ; on s en sert encore dans les locutions suivantes. 1°   De prime abord, en premier lieu. •   De prime abord sont par la bonne dame Expédiés tous les péchés menus …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Prime — can refer to: * Prime number, an integer greater than 1 which is only divisible by 1 and itself * Prime (symbol), the ′ mark ** 3′ end and 5′ end ( three prime end , five prime end ) in biochemistry * Prime (liturgy), a liturgical office (service …   Wikipedia

  • Prime — Prime, a. [F., fr. L. primus first, a superl. corresponding to the compar. prior former. See {Prior}, a., {Foremost}, {Former}, and cf. {Prim}, a., {Primary}, {Prince}.] 1. First in order of time; original; primeval; primitive; primary. Prime… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prime — • Article on the office of Prime, now suppressed Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Prime     Prime     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Prime — Prime, n. 1. The first part; the earliest stage; the beginning or opening, as of the day, the year, etc.; hence, the dawn; the spring. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] In the very prime of the world. Hooker. [1913 Webster] Hope waits upon the flowery… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • prime — [prīm] adj. [ME < MFr < L primus, first < OL pri, before < IE base * per , beyond > FAR, FIRST] 1. first in time; original; primitive; primary 2. first in rank or authority; chief [the prime minister] 3. first in importance or… …   English World dictionary

  • PRIME — (Privacy and Identity Management for Europe / Datenschutz und Identitätsmanagement für Europa) ist der Name eines Projektes innerhalb des 6. EU Rahmenprogramms. Der Start des PRIME Projektes fand in Brunnen, Schweiz, vom 8. bis 12. März 2004… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • prime — PRIME. s. f. La premiere des heures Canoniales. Chanter Prime. assister à Prime. Il se dit aussi d une sorte de Jeu aux cartes. Il y a deux sortes de prime. la grand prime. la petite prime. cartes de prime. joüer à la prime. il a perdu son argent …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • prime — 1 n 1: prime rate 2: general contractor prime 2 vt primed, prim·ing: to have priority over a perfected security …   Law dictionary

  • Prime — Prime, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Primed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Priming}.] [From {Prime}, a.] 1. To apply priming to, as a musket or a cannon; to apply a primer to, as a metallic cartridge. [1913 Webster] 2. To lay the first color, coating, or preparation… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • primé — primé, ée 1. (pri mé, mée) part. passé de primer1. Sur qui on a l avantage. •   Ainsi de tous côtés primé par un rival, CORN. Veuve, II, 5. primé, ée 2. (primé, mée) part. passé de primer2. Qui a reçu une prime. Un ch …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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