I. noun (plural -ties) Etymology: Latin paritas, from par equal Date: 1608 1. the quality or state of being equal or equivalent 2. a. equivalence of a commodity price expressed in one currency to its price expressed in another b. equality of purchasing power established by law between different kinds of money at a given ratio 3. an equivalence between farmers' current purchasing power and their purchasing power at a selected base period maintained by government support of agricultural commodity prices 4. a. the property of an integer with respect to being odd or even <
3 and 7 have the same parity
b. (1) the state of being odd or even used as the basis of a method of detecting errors in binary-coded data (2) parity bit 5. the property of oddness or evenness of a quantum mechanical function 6. the symmetry of behavior in an interaction of a physical entity (as a subatomic particle) with that of its mirror image II. noun Etymology: -parous Date: 1878 the state or fact of having borne offspring; also the number of children previously borne

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


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  • parity — I noun alikeness, analogy, approximation, balance, close correspondence, coequality, comparability, comparison, correlation, correspondence, equability, equality, equation, equilibrium, equipoise, equivalence, equivalency, identical value,… …   Law dictionary

  • parity — parity. Факт рождения ребенка; используется как количественный показатель при описании родословных <pedigree>: 0 живых детей нет (независимо от количества беременностей), 1, 2 и т.д. число родов (независимо от числа родившихся детей).… …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • parity — (n.) 1570s, equality of rank or status, from M.Fr. parité, from L.L. paritas equality, from L. adj. par (gen. paris) equal (see PAIR (Cf. pair) (n.)). Meaning condition in which adversaries have equal resources is from 1955, originally in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • parity — [n] equality, balance adequation, affinity, agreement, analogy, approximation, closeness, coequality, conformity, congruity, consistency, correspondence, equal terms, equivalence, equivalency, likeness, nearness, par, parallelism, paraphernalia,… …   New thesaurus

  • parity — ► NOUN 1) equality or equivalence. 2) Mathematics the fact of being an even or an odd number. ORIGIN Latin paritas, from par equal …   English terms dictionary

  • parity — parity1 [par′ə tē] n. pl. parities [Fr parité < L paritas < par, equal: see PAR1] 1. the state or condition of being the same in power, value, rank, etc.; equality 2. resemblance; similarity 3. equivalence in value of one currency expressed …   English World dictionary

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  • parity —    In communications, a simple form of error checking that uses an extra or redundant bit after the data bits but before the stop bit or bits. Parity may be set as follows:    • Odd    Indicates that the sum of all the 1 bit is set to zero; if it …   Dictionary of networking

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