Etymology: Middle English, adverb & preposition, from Old English ofer; akin to Old High German ubar (preposition) above, beyond, over, Latin super, Greek hyper
Date: before 12th century
a. across a barrier or intervening space; especially across the goal line in football
b. forward beyond an edge or brink and often down <wandered too near the cliff and fell over> c. across the brim <soup boiled over> d. so as to bring the underside up <turned his cards over> e. from a vertical to a prone or inclined position <knocked the lamp over> f. from one person or side to another <hand it over> g. across <got his point over> h. to one's home <invite some friends over> i. on the other side of an intervening space <the next town over> j. to agreement or concord <won them over> 2. a. (1) beyond some quantity, limit, or norm often by a specified amount or to a specified degree <show ran a minute over> (2) in an excessive manner ; inordinately b. till a later time (as the next day) ; overnight <stay over> <sleep over> 3. a. above b. so as to cover the whole surface <windows boarded over> 4. — used on a two-way radio circuit to indicate that a message is complete and a reply is expected 5. a. through <read it over>; also in an intensive or comprehensive manner b. once more ; again <do it over> II. preposition Date: before 12th century 1. — used as a function word to indicate motion or situation in a position higher than or above another <towered over his mother> <flew over the lake> <rode over the old Roman road> 2. a. — used as a function word to indicate the possession of authority, power, or jurisdiction in regard to some thing or person <respected those over him> b. — used as a function word to indicate superiority, advantage, or preference <a big lead over the others> c. — used as a function word to indicate one that is overcome, circumvented, or disregarded <passed over the governor's veto> 3. a. more than <cost over $5> b. above 4 4. a. — used as a function word to indicate position upon or movement down upon <laid a blanket over the child> <hit him over the head> b. (1) all through or throughout <showed me over the house> <went over his notes> (2) — used as a function word connecting one mathematical set and another whose elements are coefficients or values of parameters used to form elements of the first set <polynomials over the field of real numbers> c. — used as a function word to indicate a particular medium or channel of communication <over the radio> 5. — used as a function word to indicate position on or motion to the other side or beyond <lives over the way> <fell over the edge> 6. a. throughout, during <over the past 25 years> b. until the end of <stay over Sunday> 7. a. — used as a function word to indicate an object of solicitude, interest, consideration, or reference <the Lord watches over his own> b. — used as a function word to indicate the object of an expressed or implied occupation, activity, or concern <trouble over money> <met with advisers over lunch> III. adjective Date: before 12th century 1. a. upper, higher b. outer, covering c. excessive <over imagination> 2. a. not used up ; remaining <something over to provide for unusual requirements — J. A. Todd> b. having or showing an excess or surplus 3. being at an end <the day is over> 4. fried on both sides <ordered two eggs over> IV. transitive verb (overed; overing) Date: 1837 to leap over
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.