Etymology: Middle English, from Old English ūt; akin to Old High German ūz out, Greek hysteros later, Sanskrit ud up, out
Date: before 12th century
(1) in a direction away from the inside or center <went out into the garden> (2) outside <it's raining out> b. from among others c. away from the shore d. away from home or work <out to lunch> e. away from a particular place 2. a. so as to be missing or displaced from the usual or proper place <left a word out> <threw his shoulder out> b. into the possession or control of another <lend out money> c. into a state of loss or defeat <was voted out> d. into a state of vexation <they do not mark me, and that brings me out — Shakespeare> e. into groups or shares <sorted out her notes> <parceled out the farm> 3. a. to the point of depletion, extinction, or exhaustion <the food ran out> <turn the light out> <all tuckered out> b. to completion or satisfaction <hear me out> <work the problem out> c. to the full or a great extent or degree <all decked out> <stretched out on the floor> 4. a. in or into the open <the sun came out> b. out loud <cried out> c. in or into public circulation <the evening paper isn't out yet> <hand out pamphlets> <the library book is still out> 5. a. at an end <before the day is out> b. in or into an insensible or unconscious state <she was out cold> c. in or into a useless state <landed the plane with one engine out> d. so as to end the offensive turn of another player, a side, or oneself in baseball <threw him out> <fly out> 6. — used on a two-way radio circuit to indicate that a message is complete and no reply is expected II. verb Date: before 12th century transitive verb 1. eject, oust 2. to identify publicly as being such secretly <wanted to out pot smokers>; especially to identify as being a closet homosexual intransitive verb to become publicly known <the truth will out> III. preposition Date: 13th century — used as a function word to indicate an outward movement <ran out the door> <looked out the window> IV. adjective Date: 13th century 1. a. situated outside ; external b. out-of-bounds 2. situated at a distance ; outlying <the out islands> 3. not being in power 4. absent 5. removed by the defense from play as a batter or base runner in a baseball inning <two men out> 6. directed outward or serving to direct something outward <the out basket> 7. not being in vogue or fashion 8. not to be considered ; out of the question 9. determined 1 <was out to get revenge> 10. engaged in or attempting a particular activity <won on his first time out> 11. publicly known or identified as a homosexual V. noun Date: 1717 1. outside 2. one who is out of office or power or on the outside <a matter of outs versus ins> 3. a. an act or instance of putting a player out or of being put out in baseball b. a player that is put out 4. a way of escaping from an embarrassing or difficult situation
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.