orient
I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin orient-, oriens, from present participle of oriri to rise; akin to Sanskrit ṛṇoti he moves, arises, Greek ornynai to rouse, oros mountain Date: 14th century 1. archaic east 1b 2. capitalized east 2 3. a. a pearl of great luster b. the luster of a pearl II. adjective Date: 15th century 1. archaic oriental 1 2. a. lustrous, sparkling <
orient gems
>
b. archaic radiant, glowing 3. archaic rising in the sky III. transitive verb Etymology: French orienter, from Middle French, from orient Date: circa 1741 1. a. to cause to face or point toward the east; specifically to build (a church or temple) with the longitudinal axis pointing eastward and the chief altar at the eastern end b. to set or arrange in any determinate position especially in relation to the points of the compass c. to ascertain the bearings of 2. a. to set right by adjusting to facts or principles b. to acquaint with the existing situation or environment 3. to direct (as a book or film) toward the interests of a particular group 4. to cause the axes of the molecules of to assume the same direction

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • orient — [ ɔrjɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1080; lat. oriens, p. prés. de oriri « surgir, se lever » I ♦ 1 ♦ Poét. Côté de l horizon où le soleil se lève. ⇒ levant; est. L orient et l occident. Fig. « Tant de choses éclatantes ont eu leur orient et leur couchant »… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Orient — (von lat. oriens ‚Osten‘, ‚Morgen‘, dies Partizip Präsens von oriri‚ aufgehen, sich erheben‘; eigentlich sol oriens, ‚aufgehende Sonne‘), später auch Morgenland genannt, ist dem Okzident (Abendland, von occidens sol, ‚untergehende Sonne‘), der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orient — Watch Co. Ltd …   Википедия

  • orient — ORIENT. s. m. Le point du Ciel, la partie du Ciel où le Soleil se leve sur l horison. L orient d esté. l orient d hyver. On dit, qu Un pays est à l orient de l autre, pour dire, qu Il est situé du costé de l Orient à son égard. La Suisse est à l… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • orient — ORIÉNT s.n. Unul dintre cele patru puncte cardinale, situat în direcţia în care răsare soarele; răsărit, est; p. ext. spaţiul geografic situat la est faţă de un punct de referinţă (îndeosebi Asia şi estul Africii); nume generic pentru ţările sau… …   Dicționar Român

  • Orient — Orient, NY U.S. Census Designated Place in New York Population (2000): 709 Housing Units (2000): 673 Land area (2000): 5.092565 sq. miles (13.189682 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.025585 sq. miles (2.656254 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.118150 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • orient — orient, oriental Both words now sound dated and have an exotic 18c or 19c aura more associated with the world of empire and romantic adventure than with factual description. In ordinary writing it is often better to use more neutral terms such as …   Modern English usage

  • Orient — Sm std. (12. Jh.), mhd. orient Entlehnung. Ist entlehnt aus l. oriēns (orientis), Partizip von l. orīrī sich erheben, aufgehen , wohl aus Wendungen wie l. in oriente sōle in Richtung der aufgehenden Sonne . Einwohnerbezeichnung: Orientale;… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Orient — O ri*ent ([=o] r[i^]*ent), a. [F., fr. L. oriens, entis, p. pr. of oriri to rise. See {Origin}.] 1. Rising, as the sun. [1913 Webster] Moon, that now meet st the orient sun. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Eastern; oriental. The orient part. Hakluyt.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Orĭent — (lat.), zunächst die Himmelsgegend, wo die Sonne scheinbar ausgeht, der Osten oder Morgen; dann soviel wie Morgenland, im Gegensatz zum Abendland (s. Okzident). Obwohl der Begriff O. im Laufe der Geschichte je nach dem Standpunkte des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • orient — (v.) c.1727, originally to arrange facing east, from Fr. s orienter to take one s bearings, lit. to face the east (also the source of Ger. orientierung), from O.Fr. orient east, from L. orientum (see ORIENT (Cf. Orient) (n.)). Meaning determine… …   Etymology dictionary

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