I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin oliva, from Greek elaia Date: 13th century 1. a. a Mediterranean evergreen tree (Olea europaea of the family Oleaceae, the olive family) cultivated for its drupaceous fruit that is an important food and source of oil; also the fruit b. any of various shrubs and trees resembling the olive 2. any of several colors resembling that of the unripe fruit of the olive tree that are yellowish green 3. an oval eminence on each ventrolateral aspect of the medulla oblongata II. adjective Date: 1657 1. of the color olive or olive green 2. approaching olive in color or complexion

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


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  • olive — [ ɔliv ] n. f. • 1260; « olivier » 1080; provenç. oliva, lat. oliva 1 ♦ Fruit de l olivier, drupe globuleuse et oblongue, de couleur verdâtre puis noirâtre à maturité, à peau lisse, dont on extrait de l huile. Huile d olive. Olives vertes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • OLIVE — (Heb. זַיִת), the Olea europaea tree and its fruit. The wild olive grows in the groves of Upper Galilee and Carmel. It is a prickly shrub producing small fruits. There are many varieties of cultivated olives, some being suitable for oil, and some …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Olive — Ol ive, n. [F., fr. L. oliva, akin to Gr. ?. See {Oil}.] 1. (Bot.) (a) A tree ({Olea Europ[ae]a}) with small oblong or elliptical leaves, axillary clusters of flowers, and oval, one seeded drupes. The tree has been cultivated for its fruit for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Olive — bezeichnet: die Frucht des Echten Ölbaums, siehe Olivenbaum davon abgeleitet die Farbe Oliv ein Kerngebiet im Myelencephalon, siehe Nucleus olivaris das Ohrstück des Stethoskops ein Schlauchanschlussstück im Laborbereich, siehe Schlauchkupplung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • olive — OLIVE. s. f. Espece de fruit à noyau dont on tire de l huile. Olive meure. olive verte. olive de Luques. olive de Provence. olive d Espagne. olive de Veronne. olives charnuës. les olives en meurissant deviennent noires, commencent à noircir.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Olive — grove and Olive tree redirect here. For other uses, see Olive grove (disambiguation) and Olive tree (disambiguation). This article is about the tree and the fruit. For other uses, see Olive (disambiguation). For olive oil, see Olive oil. Olive… …   Wikipedia

  • olive — (n.) c.1200, olive tree, from O.Fr. olive, from L. oliva olive, olive tree, from Gk. elaia olive tree, olive, probably from the same Aegean language (perhaps Cretan) as Armenian ewi oil. Applied to the fruit or berry of the tree in English from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • olive — [äl′iv] n. [OFr < L oliva < Gr elaia] 1. a) an evergreen tree (Olea europaea) of the olive family, native to S Europe and the Near East, with leathery leaves, yellow flowers, and an edible fruit b) the small, oval fruit of this tree, eaten… …   English World dictionary

  • Olive — Sf erw. exot. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. olīva (auch: Ölbaum, Olivenbaum , verwandt mit l. oleum n. Öl ), dieses aus gr. elāā, elaíā. Adjektiv: oliv (Farbbezeichnung).    Ebenso nndl. olijf, ne. olive, nfrz. olive, nschw. oliv, nisl.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Olive — Olive: Der seit dem Anfang des 16. Jh.s bezeugte Name für die Früchte des Ölbaumes (beachte schon mhd. olīve »Ölbaum«), aus denen das Olivenöl gewonnen wird, ist aus lat. oliva »Ölbaum; Olive« entlehnt, das seinerseits aus gleichbed. griech.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • olive — ► NOUN 1) a small oval fruit with a hard stone and bitter flesh, green when unripe and bluish black when ripe. 2) the small evergreen tree which yields this fruit. 3) (also olive green) a greyish green colour like that of an unripe olive. 4) a… …   English terms dictionary

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