I. noun Etymology: Portuguese mandarim, from Malay mĕntĕri, from Sanskrit mantrin counselor, from mantra counsel — more at mantra Date: 1589 1. a. a public official in the Chinese Empire of any of nine superior grades b. (1) a pedantic official (2) bureaucrat c. a person of position and influence often in intellectual or literary circles; especially an elder and often traditionalist or reactionary member of such a circle 2. capitalized a. a form of spoken Chinese used by the court and the official classes of the Empire b. the group of closely related Chinese dialects that are spoken in about four fifths of the country and have a standard variety centering about Beijing 3. [Swedish mandarin (apelsin) mandarin (orange), ultimately from Portuguese mandarim mandarin; perhaps from the color of a mandarin's robes] a. a small spiny orange tree (Citrus reticulata) of southeastern Asia with yellow to reddish-orange loose-rinded fruits; also a tree (as the satsuma) developed in cultivation from the mandarin by artificial selection or hybridization b. the fruit of a mandarin • mandarinic adjectivemandarinism noun II. adjective Date: 1604 1. of, relating to, or typical of a mandarin <
mandarin graces
2. marked by polished ornate complexity of language <
mandarin prose

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • (Mandarin) — (Mandarin) …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • mandarin — [ mɑ̃darɛ̃ ] n. m. • 1581; port. mandarim, altér. d apr. mandar « mander, ordonner », du malais mantari « conseiller » 1 ♦ Hist. Haut fonctionnaire de l empire chinois, coréen. Les mandarins étaient généralement recrutés par concours parmi les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mandarin — steht für: Mandarin (Titel), ein Beamtentitel im kaiserlichen China Nordchinesische Dialekte, chinesische Dialekte Hochchinesisch, ein bestimmter nordchinesischer Dialekt Javanese Katze (Synonyme: Orientalisch Langhaar, Mandarin) Mandarin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mandarin — Sm chinesischer Würdenträger erw. exot. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt, wohl aus dem Portugiesischen. Das Wort ist eigentlich indisch (ai. mantrín Ratgeber eines Fürsten zu ai. mántra Rede, Ratschlag ) und wurde von den Portugiesen in der Form… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Mandarin — Man da*rin , n. [Pg. mandarim, from Malay mantr[=i] minister of state, prop. a Hind. word, fr. Skr. mantrin a counselor, manira a counsel, man to think.] 1. A Chinese public officer or nobleman; a civil or military official in China and Annam.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mandarín — puede referirse a: Chino mandarín, referido al conjunto de dialectos chinos. Mandarín (burócrata), antiguo funcionario de China y otro países asiáticos. Mandarín (cómic), supervillano de Marvel Comics. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga… …   Wikipedia Español

  • mandarin — [ˈmændərın] n [Sense: 1; Date: 1700 1800; : French; Origin: mandarine, from Spanish mandarina, probably from mandarín MANDARIN3 ; perhaps because mandarins wore orange colored clothes.] [Sense: 2 3; Date: 1500 1600; : Portuguese; Origin: mandarim …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • mandarín — sustantivo masculino 1. Área: linguística Variedad lingüística del chino, oficial en China, que es la más hablada del mundo: hablar mandarín. 2. Funcionario, civil o militar, en la antigua China imperial …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • mandarin — ► NOUN 1) (Mandarin) the standard literary and official form of Chinese. 2) a high ranking official in the former imperial Chinese civil service. 3) a powerful official or senior bureaucrat. 4) (also mandarine) a small citrus fruit with a loose… …   English terms dictionary

  • mandarin — [man′də rin] n. [Port mandarim, altered (infl. by mandar, to command < L mandare: see MANDATE) < Hindi mantrī, minister of state < Sans mantrin, counselor < mantár , thinker < IE base * men , to think > MIND, Gr mentór, Sans… …   English World dictionary

  • Mandarin — Mandarīn (die europ. Entstellung des sanskrit. mantrin, d.i. Ratgeber, gebildet), Titel der Würdenträger Chinas …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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