I. verb (leaned; leaning) Etymology: Middle English lenen, from Old English hleonian; akin to Old High German hlinēn to lean, Greek klinein, Latin clinare Date: before 12th century intransitive verb 1. a. to incline, deviate, or bend from a vertical position b. to cast one's weight to one side for support 2. to rely for support or inspiration 3. to incline in opinion, taste, or desire <
leaning toward a career in chemistry
transitive verb to cause to lean ; incline II. noun Date: 1776 the act or an instance of leaning ; inclination III. adjective Etymology: Middle English lene, from Old English hlǣne Date: before 12th century 1. a. lacking or deficient in flesh b. containing little or no fat <
lean meat
2. lacking richness, sufficiency, or productiveness <
lean profits
the lean years
3. deficient in an essential or important quality or ingredient: as a. of ore containing little valuable mineral b. low in combustible component — used especially of fuel mixtures 4. characterized by economy (as of style, expression, or operation) • leanly adverbleanness noun Synonyms: lean, spare, lank, lanky, gaunt, rawboned, scrawny, skinny mean thin because of an absence of excess flesh. lean stresses lack of fat and of curving contours <
a lean racehorse
. spare suggests leanness from abstemious living or constant exercise <
the gymnast's spare figure
. lank implies tallness as well as leanness <
the lank legs of the heron
. lanky suggests awkwardness and loose-jointedness as well as thinness <
a lanky youth, all arms and legs
. gaunt implies marked thinness or emaciation as from overwork or suffering <
a prisoner's gaunt face
. rawboned suggests a large ungainly build without implying undernourishment <
a rawboned farmer
. scrawny and skinny imply an extreme leanness that suggests deficient strength and vitality <
a scrawny chicken
skinny street urchins
. IV. transitive verb Date: before 12th century to make lean V. noun Date: 15th century the part of meat that consists principally of lean muscle

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Lean — (l[=e]n), a. [Compar. {Leaner} (l[=e]n [ e]r); superl. {Leanest}.] [OE. lene, AS. hl[=ae]ne; prob. akin to E. lean to incline. See {Lean}, v. i. ] 1. Wanting flesh; destitute of or deficient in fat; slim; not plump; slender; meager; thin; lank;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lean — lean1 [lēn] vi. leaned or Chiefly Brit. leant, leaning [ME lenen < OE hlinian, to lean, hlænan, to cause to lean, akin to Ger lehnen < IE base * k̑lei , to incline, lean > Gr klinein, L clinare] 1. to bend or deviate from an upright… …   English World dictionary

  • lean — lean; lean·er; lean·ing; lean·ness; or·lean; or·lean·ist; ce·ru·lean; ar·is·to·te·lean; mephis·tophe·lean; …   English syllables

  • lean — Ⅰ. lean [1] ► VERB (past and past part. leaned or chiefly Brit. leant) 1) be in or move into a sloping position. 2) (lean against/on) incline from the perpendicular and rest against. 3) (lean on) rely on for sup …   English terms dictionary

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  • lean — vb *slant, slope, incline Analogous words: bend, *curve: *turn, deflect, divert, sheer lean adj Lean, spare, lank, lanky, gaunt, rawboned, angular, scrawny, skinny mean thin because of absence of super fluous flesh. Lean stresses the lack of fat… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Lean — ist: die Kurzbezeichnung für Lean Management (engl. für Schlankes Management) der Name einer Anti Gravitations Illusion von Michael Jackson, siehe Lean (Tanzpose) der Nachname von David Lean (1908–1991), britischer Filmregisseur Siehe auch: Lean… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lean — Lean, v. t. [From {Lean}, v. i.; AS. hl[=ae]nan, v. t., fr. hleonian, hlinian, v. i.] To cause to lean; to incline; to support or rest. Mrs. Browning. [1913 Webster] His fainting limbs against an oak he leant. Dryden. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lean — [adj] bare, thin angular, anorexic, barren, beanpole*, bony, emaciated, gangling, gangly, gaunt, haggard, inadequate, infertile, lank, lanky, meager, no fat, pitiful, poor, rangy, rawboned, scanty, scraggy, scrawny, shadow*, sinewy, skinny,… …   New thesaurus

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