I. verb Etymology: probably akin to Low German gumpen to jump Date: 1530 intransitive verb 1. a. to spring into the air ; leap; especially to spring free from the ground or other base by the muscular action of feet and legs b. to move suddenly or involuntarily ; start c. to move over a position occupied by an opponent's piece in a board game often thereby capturing the piece d. to undergo a vertical or lateral displacement owing to improper alignment of the film on a projector mechanism e. to start out or forward ; begin — usually used with off <
jump off to a big lead
f. to move energetically ; hustle g. to go from one sequence of instructions in a computer program to another <
jump to a subroutine
2. coincide, agree 3. a. to move haphazardly or irregularly ; shift abruptly <
jumped from job to job
b. to change or abandon employment especially in violation of contract c. to rise suddenly in rank or status d. to undergo a sudden sharp change in value <
prices jumped
e. to make a jump in bridge f. to make a hurried judgment <
jump to conclusions
g. to show eagerness <
jumped at the chance
h. to enter eagerly <
jump on the bandwagon
4. to make a sudden physical or verbal attack <
jumped on him for his criticism
5. to bustle with activity <
the bar was jumping with young people
transitive verb 1. a. to leap over <
jump a hurdle
b. to move over (a piece) in a board game c. to act, move, or begin before (as a signal) <
jump the green light
d. to leap aboard <
jump a freight
2. obsolete risk, hazard 3. a. to escape from ; avoid b. to leave hastily or in violation of contract <
jump town without paying their bills — Hamilton Basso
c. to depart from (a normal course) <
jump the track
4. a. to make a sudden physical or verbal attack on b. to occupy illegally <
jump a mining claim
5. a. (1) to cause to leap (2) to cause (game) to break cover ; start, flush b. to elevate in rank or status c. to raise (a bridge partner's bid) by more than one rank d. to increase suddenly and sharply II. adverb Date: 1539 obsolete exactly, pat III. noun Date: circa 1552 1. a. (1) an act of jumping ; leap (2) any of several sports competitions featuring a leap, spring, or bound (3) a leap in figure skating in which the skater leaves the ice with both feet and turns in the air (4) a space cleared or covered by a leap (5) an obstacle to be jumped over or from b. a sudden involuntary movement ; start c. a move made in a board game by jumping d. a transfer from one sequence of instructions in a computer program to a different sequence <
conditional jump
2. obsolete venture 3. a. (1) a sharp sudden increase (2) a bid in bridge of more tricks than are necessary to overcall the preceding bid — compare shift b. an abrupt change or transition c. (1) a quick short journey (2) one in a series of moves from one place to another d. the portion of a published item (as a newspaper article or story) that comprises the continuation of an item that begins on a preceding page 4. an advantage at the start <
desirous of getting the jump on the competition — Elmer Davis
5. jazz music with a fast tempo

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • jump — ► VERB 1) push oneself off the ground using the muscles in one s legs and feet. 2) move over, onto, or down from by jumping. 3) move suddenly and quickly. 4) make a sudden involuntary movement in surprise. 5) (jump at/on) accept eagerly. 6)… …   English terms dictionary

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  • Jump — Jump, n. 1. The act of jumping; a leap; a spring; a bound. To advance by jumps. Locke. [1913 Webster] 2. An effort; an attempt; a venture. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Our fortune lies Upon thisjump. Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. The space traversed by a leap …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jump — Jump, v. t. 1. To pass over by means of a spring or leap; to overleap; as, to jump a stream. [1913 Webster] 2. To cause to jump; as, he jumped his horse across the ditch. [1913 Webster] 3. To expose to danger; to risk; to hazard. [Obs.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • JUMP — Jump/OpenJUMP Dernière version 1.4.2 (11 septembre 2011) [ …   Wikipédia en Français

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