in
I. preposition Etymology: Middle English, from Old English; akin to Old High German in in, Latin in, Greek en Date: before 12th century 1. a. — used as a function word to indicate inclusion, location, or position within limits <
in the lake
>
<
wounded in the leg
>
<
in the summer
>
b. into 1 <
went in the house
>
2. — used as a function word to indicate means, medium, or instrumentality <
written in pencil
>
<
bound in leather
>
3. a. — used as a function word to indicate limitation, qualification, or circumstance <
alike in some respects
>
<
left in a hurry
>
b. into 2a <
broke in pieces
>
4. — used as a function word to indicate purpose <
said in reply
>
5. — used as a function word to indicate the larger member of a ratio <
one in six is eligible
>
II. adverb Date: before 12th century 1. a. (1) to or toward the inside especially of a house or other building <
come in
>
(2) to or toward some destination or particular place <
flew in on the first plane
>
(3) at close quarters ; near <
play close in
>
b. so as to incorporate <
mix in the flour
>
— often used in combination <
built-in bookcases
>
c. to or at an appropriate place <
fit a piece in
>
2. a. within a particular place; especially within the customary place of residence or business <
the doctor is in
>
b. in the position of participant, insider, or officeholder — often used with on <
in on the joke
>
c. (1) on good terms (2) in a specified relation <
in bad with the boss
>
(3) in a position of assured or definitive success d. in vogue or season e. of an oil well in production f. in one's presence, possession, or control <
after the crops are in
>
g. from a condition of indistinguishability to one of clarity <
fade in
>
III. adjective Date: 1599 1. a. that is located inside or within <
the in part
>
b. that is in position, operation, or power <
the in party
>
c. inside 2 2. that is directed or bound inward ; incoming <
the in train
>
3. a. extremely fashionable <
the in thing to do
>
b. keenly aware of and responsive to what is new and fashionable <
the in crowd
>
IV. noun Date: 1764 1. one who is in office or power or on the inside <
a matter of ins versus outs
>
2. influence, pull <
enjoyed some sort of in with the commandant — Henriette Roosenburg
>
V. abbreviation 1. inch 2. inlet

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • In — In, prep. [AS. in; akin to D. & G. in, Icel. [=i], Sw. & Dan. i, OIr. & L. in, Gr. en. [root]197. Cf. 1st {In }, {Inn}.] The specific signification of in is situation or place with respect to surrounding, environment, encompassment, etc. It is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • In — In, adv. 1. Not out; within; inside. In, the preposition, becomes an adverb by omission of its object, leaving it as the representative of an adverbial phrase, the context indicating what the omitted object is; as, he takes in the situation (i. e …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • In- — ([i^]n ). [See {In}, prep. Cf. {Em }, {En }.] A prefix from Eng. prep. in, also from Lat. prep. in, meaning in, into, on, among; as, inbred, inborn, inroad; incline, inject, intrude. In words from the Latin, in regularly becomes il before l, ir… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • IN — or in may stand for:* The ISO 3166 1 country code for India. * Indiana (United States postal abbreviations) * The IATA code for Macedonian Airlines * Indium (In) symbol for the chemical element * Intelligent network a telecommunications… …   Wikipedia

  • In- — ([i^]n ). [L. in ; akin to E. un . See {Un }.] An inseparable prefix, or particle, meaning not, non , un as, inactive, incapable, inapt. In regularly becomes il before l, ir before r, and im before a labial. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • In — ([i^]n), v. t. To inclose; to take in; to harvest. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] He that ears my land spares my team and gives me leave to in the crop. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • In — In, n. Note: [Usually in the plural.] 1. One who is in office; the opposite of {out}. [1913 Webster] 2. A re[ e]ntrant angle; a nook or corner. [1913 Webster] {Ins and outs}, (a) nooks and corners; twists and turns. (b) the peculiarities or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • -in — A suffix. See the Note under { ine}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • .in — Infobox Top level domain name=.in background=#CCF introduced=1989 type=Country code top level domain status=Active registry=INRegistry sponsor=National Internet Exchange of India intendeduse=Entities connected with India actualuse=Was… …   Wikipedia

  • IN — *  Particule qui entre, avec deux sens différents, dans la composition de beaucoup de mots : 1° comme Elle a le premier sens dans les mots Imbu, incorporer, induire, importer, etc.   Elle conserve ce même sens, avec la prononciation latine ou… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

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