Etymology: Middle English, from Old English hol (from neuter of hol, adjective, hollow) & holh; akin to Old High German hol, adjective, hollow and perhaps to Old English helan to conceal — more at hell
Date: before 12th century
a. an opening through something ; perforation <have a hole in my coat> b. an area where something is missing ; gap: as (1) a serious discrepancy ; flaw, weakness <some holes in your logic> (2) an opening in a defensive formation; especially the area of a baseball field between the positions of shortstop and third baseman (3) a defect in a crystal (as of a semiconductor) that is due to an electron's having left its normal position in one of the crystal bonds and that is equivalent in many respects to a positively charged particle 2. a hollowed-out place: as a. a cave, pit, or well in the ground b. burrow c. an unusually deep place in a body of water (as a river) 3. a. a wretched or dreary place b. a prison cell especially for solitary confinement 4. a. a shallow cylindrical hole in the putting green of a golf course into which the ball is played b. a part of the golf course from tee to putting green <just beginning play on the third hole>; also the play on such a hole as a unit of scoring <won the hole by two strokes> 5. a. an awkward position or circumstance ; fix <got the rebels out of a hole at the battle — Kenneth Roberts> b. a position of owing or losing money <$10 million in the hole> <raising money to get out of the hole> II. verb (holed; holing) Date: before 12th century transitive verb 1. to make a hole in 2. to drive or hit into a hole <hole a putt> intransitive verb to make a hole in something
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.