gum
I. noun Etymology: Middle English gome, from Old English gōma palate; akin to Old High German guomo palate, and perhaps to Greek chaos abyss Date: before 12th century the tissue that surrounds the necks of teeth and covers the alveolar parts of the jaws; broadly the alveolar portion of a jaw with its enveloping soft tissues II. transitive verb (gummed; gumming) Date: 1777 1. to enlarge gullets of (a saw) 2. to chew with the gums III. noun Etymology: Middle English gomme, from Middle French, from Latin cummi, gummi, from Greek kommi, from Egyptian qmyt Date: 14th century 1. a. any of numerous colloidal polysaccharide substances of plant origin that are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying and are salts of complex organic acids — compare mucilage 1 b. any of various plant exudates (as an oleoresin or gum resin) 2. a substance or deposit resembling a plant gum (as in sticky or adhesive quality) 3. a. a tree (as a black gum) that yields gum b. Australian eucalyptus 4. the wood or lumber of a gum; especially that of the sweet gum 5. chewing gum IV. verb (gummed; gumming) Date: 1597 transitive verb to clog, impede, or damage with or as if with gum <
gum up the works
>
intransitive verb 1. to exude or form gum 2. to become gummy • gummer noun

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gum — Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic; gum… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gum — or GUM may refer to:Confectionary* Chewing gum * Functional chewing gum or Functional gum * Bubble gum * Wine gum * Gumdrop * Gum base * Gum industryNatural gums* Gum anima * Gum arabic * Cassia gum * Dammar gum * Gellan gum * Guar gum * Locust… …   Wikipedia

  • Gum — ist: nach ISO 3166 Länderkürzel und zugleich olympisches Länderkürzel für Guam Flughafen Antonio B. Won Pat auf Guam als IATA Code das Warenhaus GUM in Moskau die GUM Studios GmbH mit Schwerpunkt Computeranimation und Puppenspiel (Latex Figuren)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gum — gum1 [gum] n. [ME gomme < OFr < LL gumma < L gummi, cummi < Gr kommi < Egypt qmyt] 1. a sticky, colloidal carbohydrate found in certain trees and plants, which dries into an uncrystallized, brittle mass that dissolves or swells in… …   English World dictionary

  • Gum — Gum, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gummed} (g[u^]md); p. pr. & vb. n. {Gumming}.] 1. To smear with gum; to close with gum; to unite or stiffen by gum or a gumlike substance; to make sticky with a gumlike substance. [1913 Webster] He frets like a gummed… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • GUM — ist: nach ISO 3166 Länderkürzel und zugleich olympisches Länderkürzel für Guam Flughafen Antonio B. Won Pat auf Guam als IATA Code das Warenhaus GUM in Moskau die GUM Studios GmbH mit Schwerpunkt Computeranimation und Puppenspiel (Latex Figuren)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gum — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gum — Ⅰ. gum [1] ► NOUN 1) a thick sticky substance produced by some trees and shrubs. 2) glue used for sticking paper or other light materials together. 3) chewing gum or bubble gum. 4) a firm, jelly like sweet. ► VERB (gummed …   English terms dictionary

  • Gum — Gum, n. [OE. gome, AS. gama palate; akin Co G. gaumen, OHG. goumo, guomo, Icel. g?mr, Sw. gom; cf. Gr. ? to gape.] The dense tissues which invest the teeth, and cover the adjacent parts of the jaws. [1913 Webster] {Gum rash} (Med.), strophulus in …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gum — Gum, v. i. To exude or form gum; to become gummy. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gum — Gum, v. t. To deepen and enlarge the spaces between the teeth of (a worn saw). See {Gummer}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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