grate
I. verb (grated; grating) Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French grater to scratch, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German krazzōn to scratch Date: 14th century transitive verb 1. archaic abrade 2. to reduce to small particles by rubbing on something rough <
grate cheese
>
3. fret, irritate 4. a. to gnash or grind noisily b. to cause to make a rasping sound c. to utter in a harsh voice intransitive verb 1. to rub or rasp noisily 2. to cause irritation ; jar <
a voice that grates on the nerves
>
grater noungratingly adverb II. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Medieval Latin crata, grata hurdle, alteration of Latin cratis — more at hurdle Date: 14th century 1. a. a barred frame for cooking over a fire b. a frame or bed of iron bars to hold a stove or furnace fire c. fireplace 2. grating 2 3. obsolete cage, prison III. transitive verb (grated; grating) Date: 1547 to furnish with a grate

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

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  • Gräte — Gräte …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Grate — Grate, n. [LL. grata, fr. L. crates hurdle; or It. grata, of the same origin. Sae Crate, Hurdle.] 1. A structure or frame containing parallel or crosed bars, with interstices; a kind of latticework, such as is used ia the windows of prisons and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Grate — Grate, v. t. [OF grater to scrape, scratch, F. gratter, LL. gratare, cratare; of German origin; cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n G. kratzen, D. krassen, Sw. Kratta, and perh. E. scratch.] 1. To rub roughly or harshly, as one body against another, causing a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • grate — ‘framework for holding burning fuel’ [14] and grate ‘rub’ [15] are different words. The former comes via Old French grate ‘grille’ and Vulgar Latin *grāta from Latin crātis ‘wickerwork, hurdle’. Grate ‘rub’ is ultimately Germanic (its ultimate… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • grate — ‘framework for holding burning fuel’ [14] and grate ‘rub’ [15] are different words. The former comes via Old French grate ‘grille’ and Vulgar Latin *grāta from Latin crātis ‘wickerwork, hurdle’. Grate ‘rub’ is ultimately Germanic (its ultimate… …   Word origins

  • Grate — Grate, v. i. 1. To make a harsh sound by friction. [1913 Webster] I had rather hear a brazen canstick turned, Or a dry wheel grate on the exletree. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To produce the effect of rubbing with a hard rough material; to cause… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Grate — Grate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Grated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Grating}.] To furnish with grates; to protect with a grating or crossbars; as, to grate a window. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gräte — Gräte: Die nhd. Form geht zurück auf gleichbed. mhd. græ̅te. Dieses Femininum entstand, indem aus mhd. græ̅te, dem Plural von maskulin mhd. grāt »Bergrücken; Rückgrat; Gräte; Spitze, Stachel; Ährenborste« (vgl. ↑ Grat), eine neue Einzahl… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • grate — Ⅰ. grate [1] ► VERB 1) reduce (food) to small shreds by rubbing it on a grater. 2) make an unpleasant rasping sound. 3) (often grate on) have an irritating effect. ORIGIN Old French grater. Ⅱ …   English terms dictionary

  • Grate — Grate, a. [L. gratus agreeable, grateful: cf. It. & Sp. grato. See Grace, and cf. Agree.] Serving to gratify; agreeable. [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • grate — [v1] shred, grind down abrade, bark, bray, file, fray, gall, mince, pound, pulverize, rasp, raze, rub, scrape, scratch, scuff, skin, triturate; concepts 186,215 grate [v2] irritate aggravate, annoy, burn, chafe, exasperate, fret, gall, get on… …   New thesaurus

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