I. noun Etymology: Middle English, partly from Anglo-French grain cereal grain, from Latin granum; partly from Anglo-French graine seed, kermes, from Latin grana, plural of granum — more at corn Date: 14th century 1. a. (1) obsolete a single small hard seed (2) a seed or fruit of a cereal grass ; caryopsis b. the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants (as the soybean) c. plants producing grain 2. a. (1) a small hard particle or crystal (2) any of the particles produced in a photographic material by its development; also the size of such grains in the aggregate (3) an individual crystal in a metal b. a minute portion or particle c. the least amount possible <
a grain of truth
3. a. kermes or a scarlet dye made from it b. cochineal or a brilliant scarlet dye made from it c. a fast dye d. archaic color, tint 4. a. a granulated surface or appearance b. the outer or hair side of a skin or hide 5. a unit of weight based on the weight of a grain of wheat taken as an average of the weight of grains from the middle of the ear — see weight table 6. a. the stratification of the wood fibers in a piece of wood b. a texture due to constituent particles or fibers <
the grain of a rock
c. the direction of threads in cloth 7. tactile quality 8. a. natural disposition ; temper <
lying goes against my grain
b. a basic or characteristic quality c. a prevalent ideology or convention <
teaching against the grain
grained adjectivegrainless adjective II. verb Date: 1530 transitive verb 1. ingrain 2. to form into grains ; granulate 3. to paint in imitation of the grain of wood or stone 4. to feed with grain intransitive verb to become granular ; granulategrainer noun

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • grain — [ grɛ̃ ] n. m. • v. 1160; lat. granum → graine I ♦ 1 ♦ Fruit comestible des graminées. Le grain des céréales est un caryopse. Grain de blé, de maïs, de mil, de riz, d orge. Ôter les grains d un épi. ⇒ égrener. Menuis. GRAIN D ORGE. Assemblage à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Grain — (gr[=a]n), n. [F. grain, L. granum, grain, seed, small kernel, small particle. See {Corn}, and cf. {Garner}, n., {Garnet}, {Gram} the chick pea, {Granule}, {Kernel.}] [1913 Webster] 1. A single small hard seed; a kernel, especially of those… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • grain — Grain, m. monosyllab. Est ce qui vient en l espi, contenant farine. Granum fromenti, hordei, siliginis, auenae, et semblables. Ainsi en bail à moison de grain on dit, Moyennant dix muyds de grain, les deux parts bled, le tiers avoine. Et selon ce …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • grain — [greın] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(food)¦ 2¦(lines in wood etc)¦ 3¦(small piece)¦ 4 a grain of something 5 against the grain 6¦(measure)¦ ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ [Date: 1200 1300; : Old French; Origin: Latin granum seed ] 1.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Grain — симметричный алгоритм синхронного потокового шифрования, ориентированный, в первую очередь на аппаратную реализацию. Шифр представлен на конкурсе eSTREAM в 2004 году Мартином Хеллом, Томасом Юханссоном и Вилли Мейером. Алгоритм стал одним из… …   Википедия

  • grain — [ greın ] noun ** 1. ) uncount the seeds from crops such as wheat, rice, or CORN that are used for food: bags of mixed grain a ) uncount food crops such as wheat, rice, or CORN: golden fields of grain b ) count an individual seed from one of… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • grain — [grān] n. [ME greyne < OFr grein, a seed, grain (< L granum, a seed, kernel) & grainne, seed or grain collectively (< LL grana, fem., orig. pl. of L granum) < IE base * ĝer , to become ripe > CORN1, KERNEL] 1. a small, hard seed or …   English World dictionary

  • GRAIN — is an international non governmental organization based in Barcelona, Spain, which works toward sustainable agriculture. It was formed upon the realization that the genetic diversity of the world s food crops has been drastically eliminated. Very …   Wikipedia

  • Grain — 〈[ grɛın] m. 6; bei Zahlenangaben Pl.: 〉 1. älteres kleines Juwelengewicht, 1/4 Karat 2. Gewichts u. Maßeinheit in Großbrit. u. den USA, 0,0648 g [frz. u. engl., „Korn“ <lat. granum „Korn“] * * * I Grain   [greɪn; englisch »Korn«] der, s/ ( …   Universal-Lexikon

  • grain — ► NOUN 1) wheat or other cultivated cereal used as food. 2) a single seed or fruit of a cereal. 3) a small, hard particle of a substance such as sand. 4) the smallest unit of weight in the troy and avoirdupois systems, equal to 1 / 5760 of a… …   English terms dictionary

  • grain — [greɪn] noun [uncountable] FARMING crops such as corn, wheat, and rice: • Much of this grain is used to feed beef cattle * * * grain UK US /greɪn/ noun [C or U] ► a crop such as wheat and corn that is grown for food: »Ultra high prices of metals …   Financial and business terms

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