(went; gone; going; goes)
Etymology: Middle English gon, from Old English gān; akin to Old High German gān to go, Greek kichanein to reach, attain
Date: before 12th century
1. to move on a course ; proceed <go slow> <went by train> — compare stop 2. to move out of or away from a place expressed or implied ; leave, depart <went from school to the party> <going away for vacation> 3. a. to take a certain course or follow a certain procedure <reports go through channels to the president> b. to pass by means of a process like journeying <the message went by wire> c. to proceed without delay and often in a thoughtless or reckless manner — used especially to intensify a complementary verb <why did you go and spoil it> <go jump in a lake> d. (1) to extend from point to point or in a certain direction <the road goes to the lake> (2) to give access ; lead <that door goes to the cellar> 4. obsolete walk 5. to be habitually in a certain state or condition <go bareheaded> 6. a. to become lost, consumed, or spent <our time has gone> b. die c. to slip away ; elapse <the evening went quickly> d. to come to be given up or discarded <these slums have to go> e. to pass by sale <went for a good price> f. to become impaired or weakened <his hearing started to go> g. to give way especially under great force or pressure ; break <the roof went> 7. a. to move along in a specified manner ; fare <everything was going well> b. to be in general or on an average <cheap, as yachts go> c. to be or become especially as the result of a contest <the election went in her favor> d. to turn out well ; succeed <worked hard to make the party go> 8. a. to apply oneself <went to work on the problem> b. to put or subject oneself <went to unnecessary expense> c. chiefly Southern & Midland intend <I didn't go to do it> 9. to have recourse to another for corroboration, vindication, or decision ; resort <go to court to recover damages> 10. a. to begin an action or motion <here goes> b. to maintain or perform a certain action or motion <still going strong> c. to function in the proper or expected manner ; run <the motor won't go> 11. to be known <goes by an alias> 12. a. to act in accordance or harmony <a good rule to go by> b. to come to be determined <dreams go by contraries> c. to come to be applied or appropriated <all proceeds go to charity> d. to pass by award, assignment, or lot <the prize went to a sophomore> e. (1) to contribute to an end or result <qualities that go to make a hero> (2) to be of advantage <has a lot going for her> 13. to be about, intending, or expecting something — used in a progressive tense before an infinitive <is going to leave town> 14. a. extend <his knowledge fails to go very deep> b. to come or arrive at a certain state or condition <go to sleep> c. to come to be ; become <the tire went flat> — often used to express conversion to specified values or a specified state <gone Hollywood> <go condo> d. to undergo a change <leaves go from green to red> 15. a. to be in phrasing or expression ; read <as the story goes> b. to be capable of being sung or played <the tune goes like this> 16. to be compatible, suitable, or becoming ; harmonize <the tie goes with his suit> 17. a. to be capable of passing, extending, or being contained or inserted <will these clothes go in your suitcase> b. to have a usual or proper place or position ; belong <these books go on the top shelf> 18. to have a tendency ; conduce <it goes to show> 19. a. (1) to carry authority <what she said went> (2) to be acceptable, satisfactory, or adequate <anything goes here> b. to hold true ; be valid <the rule goes for you, too> 20. to empty the bladder or bowels transitive verb 1. to proceed along or according to ; follow <if I were going his way> <went the conventional route> 2. to travel through or along ; traverse <went the length of the street> 3. a. to make a wager of ; bet <go a dollar on the outcome> b. to make an offer of ; bid <willing to go $50 for the clock> 4. a. to assume the function or obligation of <promised to go bail for his friend> b. to participate to the extent of <decided to go halves on the winnings> 5. yield, weigh <this fish goes ten pounds> 6. a. to put up with ; tolerate <couldn't go the noise> b. afford <can't go the price> c. enjoy <I could go a soda> 7. a. to cause (a characteristic sound) to occur <the gun went bang> b. say — used chiefly in oral narration of speech 8. to engage in <don't go telling everyone> 9. of a sports team or player to have a record of <went 11-0 last season> • goer noun II. noun (plural goes) Date: 1727 1. the act or manner of going 2. the height of fashion ; rage <elegant shawls labeled…“quite the go” — R. S. Surtees> 3. an often unexpected turn of affairs ; occurrence 4. the quantity used or furnished at one time <you can obtain a go of brandy for sixpence — C. B. Fairbanks> 5. energy, vigor 6. a. a turn in an activity (as a game) <it's your go> b. attempt, try <have a go at painting> 7. a spell of activity <finished the job at one go> 8. success <made a go of the business> 9. permission to proceed ; go-ahead <gave the astronauts a go for another orbit> III. adjective Date: 1961 functioning properly ; being in good and ready condition <declared all systems go> IV. noun Usage: often capitalized Etymology: Japanese Date: 1890 a game played between two players who alternately place black and white stones on a board checkered by 19 vertical lines and 19 horizontal lines in an attempt to enclose the larger area on the board
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.