gauge
I. noun also gage Etymology: Middle English gauge, from Anglo-French Date: 15th century 1. a. a measurement (as of linear dimension) according to some standard or system: as (1) the distance between the rails of a railroad (2) the size of a shotgun barrel's inner diameter nominally expressed as the number of lead balls each just fitting that diameter required to make a pound <
a 12-gauge shotgun
>
(3) the thickness of a thin material (as sheet metal or plastic film) (4) the diameter of a slender object (as wire or a hypodermic needle) (5) the fineness of a knitted fabric expressed by the number of loops per unit width b. dimensions, size c. measure 1 <
surveys are a gauge of public sentiment
>
2. an instrument for or a means of measuring or testing: as a. an instrument for measuring a dimension or for testing mechanical accuracy b. an instrument with a graduated scale or dial for measuring or indicating quantity 3. relative position of a ship with reference to another ship and the wind 4. a function introduced into a field equation to produce a convenient form of the equation but having no observable physical consequences Synonyms: see standard II. transitive verb also gage (gauged; also gaged; gauging; also gaging) Date: 15th century 1. a. to measure precisely the size, dimensions, or other measurable quantity of b. to determine the capacity or contents of c. estimate, judge <
hard to gauge his moods
>
2. a. to check for conformity to specifications or limits b. to measure off or set out

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gauge — Gauge, n. [Written also gage.] 1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard. [1913 Webster] This plate must be a gauge to file your worm and groove to equal breadth by. Moxon. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gauge — may refer to:In measurements:* American wire gauge, a measurement of diameter of a wire * Gauge (bore diameter), the diameter of a shotgun barrel * Stubs Iron Wire Gauge, which corresponds to the diameter of a hypodermic needle **See also * Sheet …   Wikipedia

  • gauge — [gāj] n. [ME < NormFr: see the GAUGE vt.] 1. a standard measure or scale of measurement 2. dimensions, capacity, thickness, etc. 3. any device for measuring something, as the thickness of wire, the dimensions of a machined part, the amount of… …   English World dictionary

  • Gauge — (g[=a]j), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gauged}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Gauging}] [OF. gaugier, F. jauger, cf. OF. gauge gauge, measuring rod, F. jauge; of uncertain origin; perh. fr. an assumed L. qualificare to determine the qualities of a thing (see… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gauge — (ingl.) En lenguaje técnico, medida de la *distancia o el *hueco de ciertas cosas; por ejemplo, el tamaño del punto en los tejidos de punto, o la distancia entre los rieles de una *vía. * * * En física, las teorías extensamente aceptadas del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gauge — bezeichnet: Gauge (Technik), Maße für Größenangaben, speziell Eichmaße und Endmaße, sowie Messgeräte, speziell Messuhren, Messlehren oder Schieblehren Gauge (Fluss), Fluss in Nordwest England Gauge (Pornodarstellerin) (* 1980), amerikanische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gauge — (v.) ascertain by exact measurements, mid 15c., from Anglo Fr. gauge (mid 14c.), from O.N.Fr. gauger (O.Fr. jauger), from gauge gauging rod, perhaps from Frankish *galgo rod, pole for measuring (Cf. O.N. gelgja pole, perch, O.H.G. galgo; see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gauge — [geidʒ] das; <aus engl. gauge »Normalmaß« zu altfr. gauger »messen«, weitere Herkunft unsicher> in der Strumpffabrikation Maß zur Angabe der Maschenzahl u. damit zur Feinheit des Erzeugnisses; Abk.: gg …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • gauge — [n] measure, standard barometer, basis, benchmark, bore, capacity, check, criterion, degree, depth, example, exemplar, extent, guide, guideline, height, indicator, magnitude, mark, meter, model, norm, pattern, rule, sample, scale, scope, size,… …   New thesaurus

  • gauge — sb. (fk.), gauge (mål for masketæthed i strik) …   Dansk ordbog

  • gauge — (chiefly US also gage) ► NOUN 1) an instrument that measures and gives a visual display of the amount, level, or contents of something. 2) the thickness, size, or capacity of a wire, sheet, tube, bullet, etc., especially as a standard measure. 3) …   English terms dictionary

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