foul
I. adjective Etymology: Middle English, from Old English fūl; akin to Old High German fūl rotten, Latin pus pus, putēre to stink, Greek pyon pus Date: before 12th century 1. a. offensive to the senses ; loathsome b. filled or covered with offensive matter 2. full of dirt or mud 3. a. morally or spiritually odious ; detestable <
a foul crime
>
b. notably unpleasant or distressing ; wretched, horrid <
in a foul mood
>
4. obscene, abusive <
foul language
>
5. a. being wet and stormy b. obstructive to navigation <
a foul tide
>
6. dialect British homely, ugly 7. a. treacherous, dishonorable <
fair means or foul
>
b. constituting an infringement of rules in a game or sport <
a foul blow in boxing
>
8. containing marked-up corrections <
a foul manuscript
>
<
foul proofs
>
9. encrusted, clogged, or choked with a foreign substance <
the chimney was foul and smoked badly
>
10. being odorous and impure ; polluted <
foul air
>
11. placed in a situation that impedes physical movement ; entangled 12. being outside the foul lines in baseball Synonyms: see dirtyfoully adverbfoulness noun II. noun Date: before 12th century 1. archaic something foul 2. an entanglement or collision especially in angling or sailing 3. a. an infringement of the rules in a game or sport b. free throw 4. foul ball III. verb Date: before 12th century intransitive verb 1. to become or be foul: as a. decompose, rot b. to become encrusted, clogged, or choked with a foreign substance c. to become entangled or come into collision 2. to commit a violation of the rules in a sport or game 3. to hit a foul ball transitive verb 1. to make foul: as a. to make dirty ; pollute b. to tangle or come into collision with c. to encrust with a foreign substance <
a ship's bottom fouled with barnacles
>
d. obstruct, block 2. dishonor, discredit 3. to commit a foul against 4. to hit (a baseball) foul IV. adverb Date: 13th century in a foul manner ; so as to be foul

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Foul — (foul), a. [Compar. Fouler ( [ e]r); superl. {Foulest}.] [OE. foul, ful, AS. f[=u]l; akin to D. vuil, G. faul rotten, OHG. f[=u]l, Icel. f[=u]l foul, fetid; Dan. fuul, Sw. ful foul, Goth. f[=u]ls fetid, Lith. puti to be putrid, L. putere to stink …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • foul — [foul] adj. [ME < OE ful, akin to Ger faul, rotten, lazy < IE base * pū , * pu , to stink (< ? exclamation of disgust) > L putere, to rot, Gr pyon, PUS] 1. so offensive to the senses as to cause disgust; stinking; loathsome [a foul… …   English World dictionary

  • Foul — may refer to:*Foul (sports), an unfair or illegal sports act, including: **Foul (football), in football (soccer), an unfair act by a player as deemed by the referee **Professional foul, in football (soccer) or rugby, a deliberate act of foul play …   Wikipedia

  • foul — 〈[ faʊl] Adj.; nur präd. u. adv.; Sp.〉 regelwidrig, unfair, unsportlich [engl., „schmutzig, unrein, faul“] * * * foul [fa̮ul ] <Adj.> [engl. foul, eigtl. = schmutzig; hässlich, verw. mit ↑ faul] (Sport): regelwidrig, unfair, unsportlich …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Foul — 〈[ faʊl] n. 15; Sp.〉 Verstoß gegen die (allgemein anerkannten) Spielregeln [engl., „etwas Unreines, regelwidriger Schlag od. Stoß beim Sport“] * * * foul [fa̮ul ] <Adj.> [engl. foul, eigtl. = schmutzig; hässlich, verw. mit ↑ faul] (Sport):… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • foul — »regelwidrig«: Aus England, dem Mutterland des Fußballsports, wurde im 20. Jh. eine Reihe von Ausdrücken der Fußballersprache entlehnt. Die meisten davon wurden allerdings später durch Lehnübersetzungen ersetzt (beachte z. B. Aus ‹↑ aus› für engl …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Foul — »regelwidrig«: Aus England, dem Mutterland des Fußballsports, wurde im 20. Jh. eine Reihe von Ausdrücken der Fußballersprache entlehnt. Die meisten davon wurden allerdings später durch Lehnübersetzungen ersetzt (beachte z. B. Aus ‹↑ aus› für engl …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • foul — [adj1] disgusting, dirty abhorrent, abominable, base, contaminated, despicable, detestable, disgraceful, dishonorable, egregious, fetid, filthy, gross*, hateful, heinous, horrid, icky*, impure, infamous, iniquitous, loathsome, malodorous, mucky* …   New thesaurus

  • Foul — Foul, n. 1. An entanglement; a collision, as in a boat race. [1913 Webster] 2. (Baseball) See {Foul ball}, under {Foul}, a. [1913 Webster] 3. In various games or sports, an act done contrary to the rules; a foul stroke, hit, play, or the like.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Foul — [faul] das; s, s; Sport; (besonders bei Mannschaftsspielen) eine unsportliche und unerlaubte Behinderung des Gegners <ein böses, grobes, harmloses Foul; ein verstecktes Foul; ein Foul an jemandem begehen>: Der Schiedsrichter ahndete das… …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

  • foul — foul, foully The normal adverb from foul is foully (pronounced with both ls): • Jerome had done foully, but not so foully as he himself and all here believed Ellis Peters, 1993. The older form foul survives in the quasi adverbial expressions foul …   Modern English usage

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