file
I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Old English fēol; akin to Old High German fīla file Date: before 12th century 1. a tool usually of hardened steel with cutting ridges for forming or smoothing surfaces especially of metal 2. a shrewd or crafty person II. transitive verb (filed; filing) Date: 13th century to rub, smooth, or cut away with or as if with a file III. transitive verb (filed; filing) Etymology: Middle English, from Old English fȳlan, from fūl foul Date: before 12th century chiefly dialect defile, corrupt IV. verb (filed; filing) Etymology: Middle English, from Medieval Latin filare to string documents on a string or wire, from filum file of documents, literally, thread, from Latin; akin to Armenian ǰil sinew Date: 15th century transitive verb 1. to arrange in order for preservation and reference <
file letters
>
2. a. to place among official records as prescribed by law <
file a mortgage
>
b. to send (copy) to a newspaper <
filed a story
>
c. to return to the office of the clerk of a court without action on the merits 3. to initiate (as a legal action) through proper formal procedure <
threatened to file charges
>
intransitive verb 1. to register as a candidate especially in a primary election 2. to place items in a file 3. to submit documents necessary to initiate a legal proceeding <
file for bankruptcy
>
filer noun V. noun Date: 1525 1. a device (as a folder, case, or cabinet) by means of which papers are kept in order 2. a. archaic roll, list b. a collection of papers or publications usually arranged or classified c. (1) a collection of related data records (as for a computer) (2) a complete collection of data (as text or a program) treated by a computer as a unit especially for purposes of input and output VI. noun Etymology: Middle French, from filer to spin, draw out, from Late Latin filare, from Latin filum Date: 1598 1. single file 2. any of the rows of squares that extend across a chessboard from one player's side to the other player's side VII. intransitive verb (filed; filing) Date: 1614 to march or proceed in single file

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • file — file …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • filé — filé …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • file — [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens, puis une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • filé — file [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • File — Aktuelle Version: 5.01 (30. April 2009) Betriebssystem: Multiplattform Kategorie: Remote Access Lizenz: GPL …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • file — Aktuelle Version 5.09 (16. September 2011) Betriebssystem Multiplattform Kategorie Remote Access Lizenz BSD Lizenz Deutschsprachig nein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • file — 1 vb filed, fil·ing vt 1 a: to submit (a legal document) to the proper office (as the office of a clerk of court) for keeping on file among the records esp. as a procedural step in a legal transaction or proceeding filed a tax return a financing… …   Law dictionary

  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [F. file row (cf. Pr., Sp., Pg., & It. fila), LL. fila, fr. L. filum a thread. Cf. {Enfilade}, {Filament}, {Fillet}.] 1. An orderly succession; a line; a row; as: (a) (Mil.) A row of soldiers ranged one behind another; in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [AS. fe[ o]l; akin to D. viji, OHG. f[=i]la, f[=i]hala, G. feile, Sw. fil, Dan. fiil, cf. Icel. [thorn][=e]l, Russ. pila, and Skr. pi[,c] to cut out, adorn; perh. akin to E. paint.] 1. A steel instrument, having cutting ridges or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • File — has several meanings:* Filing cabinet * File (tool) * A nail file * Filing (legal) * Filing (manufacturing process) * File (formation) Military term for a single column of men one in front of the other. See also Rank (formation) * File (chess) *… …   Wikipedia

  • filé — filé, ée 1. (fi lé, lée) part. passé. 1°   Mis sous forme de fil. Du chanvre filé.    Terme de luthier. Cordes filées, celles qui sont entourées d un fil de laiton comme la grosse corde de violon. 2°   Fig. Il se dit du fil que filent les Parques …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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