Calvin cycle
noun Etymology: Melvin Calvin Date: 1957 the cycle of enzyme-catalyzed dark reactions of photosynthesis that occurs in the chloroplasts of plants and in many bacteria and that involves the fixation of carbon dioxide and the formation of a 6-carbon sugar

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Calvin cycle — s or dark reactions.OverviewDuring photosynthesis, light energy is used to generate chemical free energy, stored in glucose. The light independent Calvin cycle, also (misleadingly) known as the dark reaction or dark stage , uses the energy from… …   Wikipedia

  • Calvin cycle — noun A series of biochemical reactions that take place in the stroma of chloroplasts in photosynthetic organisms. Syn: Calvin Benson Bassham cycle, Calvin Benson cycle …   Wiktionary

  • Calvin cycle — Cal·vin cycle (kalґvin) [Melvin Calvin, American chemist, 1911–1997; winner of the Nobel prize in chemistry for 1961 for development of techniques to determine the chemical reactions of plant carbon dioxide assimilation] see under cycle …   Medical dictionary

  • Calvin cycle — noun another term for dark reaction. Origin named after the American biochemist Melvin Calvin (1911–97) …   English new terms dictionary

  • Calvin cycle — The main pathway for the fixation (or reduction and incorporation) of CO2 into organic material by photoautotrophs during photosynthesis; it also is found in chemolithoautotrophs …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • Calvin cycle — a dark reaction occurring in photosynthesis in plants in which carbon dioxide is affixed to a five carbon sugar molecule and subsequently reduced to form other sugars …   Medical dictionary

  • calvin cycle — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cycle De Calvin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Calvin. Le cycle de Calvin (aussi connu comme le cycle de Calvin Benson) est une série de réactions biochimiques prenant place dans le stroma des chloroplastes des organismes photosynthétiques. Il a été découvert …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cycle de calvin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Calvin. Le cycle de Calvin (aussi connu comme le cycle de Calvin Benson) est une série de réactions biochimiques prenant place dans le stroma des chloroplastes des organismes photosynthétiques. Il a été découvert …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calvin-Benson cycle — (= Calvin cycle) Metabolic pathway responsible for photosynthetic CO2 fixation in plants and bacteria. The enzyme that fixes CO2 is RuDP carboxylase. The cycle is the only photosynthetic pathway in C3 plants and the secondary pathway in C4 plants …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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