drive
I. verb (drove; driven; driving) Etymology: Middle English, from Old English drīfan; akin to Old High German trīban to drive Date: before 12th century transitive verb 1. a. to frighten or prod (as game or cattle) into moving in a desired direction b. to go through (an area) driving game animals 2. to carry on or through energetically <
drives a hard bargain
>
3. a. to impart a forward motion to by physical force <
waves drove the boat ashore
>
b. to repulse, remove, or cause to go by force, authority, or influence <
drive the enemy back
>
c. to set or keep in motion or operation <
drive machinery by electricity
>
d. basketball to move quickly and forcefully down or along <
drive the lane
>
<
drive the baseline
>
4. a. to direct the motions and course of (a draft animal) b. to operate the mechanism and controls and direct the course of (as a vehicle) <
drive a car
>
c. to convey in a vehicle <
his father drove me home
>
d. to float (logs) down a stream 5. a. to exert inescapable or coercive pressure on ; force <
driven by his passions
>
b. to compel to undergo or suffer a change (as in situation or emotional state) <
drove him crazy
>
<
drove her out of business
>
c. to urge relentlessly to continuous exertion <
the sergeant drove his recruits
>
d. to press or force into an activity, course, or direction <
the drug habit drives addicts to steal
>
e. to project, inject, or impress incisively <
drove her point home
>
6. to force (a passage) by pressing or digging 7. a. to propel (an object of play) swiftly or forcefully <
drove a long fly ball to the warning track
>
b. to hit (a golf ball) from the tee especially with a driver; also to drive a golf ball onto (a green) c. to cause (a run or runner) to be scored in baseball — usually used with in 8. to give shape or impulse to <
factors that drive the business cycle
>
<
the ideas that have driven history
>
intransitive verb 1. a. to dash, plunge, or surge ahead rapidly or violently b. to progress with strong momentum <
the rain was driving hard
>
c. to make a quick and forceful move in basketball <
driving to the hoop
>
2. a. to operate a vehicle b. to have oneself carried in a vehicle 3. to drive a golf ball Synonyms: see movedrivability also driveability noundrivable also driveable adjective II. noun Usage: often attributive Date: 1785 1. an act of driving: a. a trip in a carriage or automobile <
a short drive to the coast
>
b. a collection and driving together of animals; also the animals gathered c. a driving of cattle or sheep overland d. a hunt or shoot in which the game is driven within the hunter's range e. the guiding of logs downstream to a mill; also the floating logs amassed in a drive f. (1) the act or an instance of driving an object of play (as a golf ball) (2) the flight of a ball <
a high drive to left field
>
2. a. a private road ; driveway b. a public road for driving (as in a park) 3. the state of being hurried and under pressure 4. a. a strong systematic group effort <
a fund-raising drive
>
b. a sustained offensive effort <
the drive ended in a touchdown
>
5. a. the means for giving motion to a machine or machine part b. the means by which the propulsive power of an automobile is applied to the road <
front wheel drive
>
c. the means by which the propulsion of an automotive vehicle is controlled and directed <
a left-hand drive
>
6. a. an offensive, aggressive, or expansionist move; especially a strong military attack against enemy-held terrain b. a quick and aggressive move toward the basket in basketball 7. a. an urgent, basic, or instinctual need ; a motivating physiological condition of an organism <
a sexual drive
>
b. an impelling culturally acquired concern, interest, or longing <
the drive to succeed
>
c. dynamic quality 8. a device for reading or writing on magnetic or optical media (as tapes or disks)

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

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