down
I. adverb Etymology: Middle English doun, from Old English dūne, short for adūne, of dūne, from a- (from of), of off, from + dūne, dative of dūn hill Date: before 12th century 1. a. (1) toward or in a lower physical position (2) to a lying or sitting position (3) toward or to the ground, floor, or bottom b. as a down payment <
paid $10 down
>
c. on paper <
put down what he says
>
2. in a direction that is the opposite of up: as a. southward b. to or toward a point away from the speaker or the speaker's point of reference c. in or into the stomach <
can't keep food down
>
3. to a lesser degree, level, or rate <
cool down tensions
>
4. to or toward a lower position in a series 5. a. to or in a lower or worse condition or status b. — used to indicate thoroughness or completion <
dusted down the house
>
<
described him down to his haircut
>
6. from a past time <
stories passed down by word of mouth
>
7. to or in a state of less activity or prominence 8. to a concentrated state <
got the report down to three pages
>
9. into defeat <
voted the motion down
>
II. preposition Date: 14th century down along, around, through, toward, in, into, or on <
fell down the stairs
>
<
down the years
>
III. verb Date: 1562 transitive verb 1. to cause to go or come down: as a. bring down 1 <
downed the enemy helicopter
>
b. consume 3 <
downing slices of pizza
>
2. to cause (a football) to be out of play 3. defeat <
down a proposal
>
intransitive verb to go down IV. adjective Date: circa 1565 1. a. (1) occupying a low position; specifically lying on the ground <
down timber
>
(2) directed or going downward <
attendance is down
>
b. lower in price c. not being in play in football because of wholly stopped progress or because the officials stop the play <
the ball was down
>
d. defeated or trailing an opponent (as in points scored) <
down by two runs
>
e. baseball out <
two down in the top of the third inning
>
2. a. reduced or low in activity, frequency, or intensity <
a down economy
>
b. not operating or able to function <
the computer is down
>
c. depressed, dejected <
feeling a bit down
>
; also depressing <
a down movie
>
d. sick <
down with flu
>
3. done, finished <
eight down and two to go
>
4. completely mastered <
had her lines down
>
— often used with pat <
got the answers down pat
>
5. a. slang cool 7 b. slang understanding or supportive of something or someone — usually used with with <
trying to prove that they were down with hip-hop culture — J. E. White
>
6. being on record <
you're down for two tickets
>
V. noun Date: 1710 1. descent, depression 2. an instance of putting down 3. a. a complete play to advance the ball in football b. one of a series of four attempts in American football or three attempts in Canadian football to advance the ball 10 yards 4. chiefly British dislike, grudge 5. downer 6. a fundamental quark that has an electric charge of - 1/3 and that is one of the constituents of a nucleon VI. noun Etymology: Middle English doun hill, from Old English dūn Date: 14th century 1. an undulating usually treeless upland with sparse soil — usually used in plural 2. often capitalized a sheep of any breed originating in the downs of southern England VII. noun Etymology: Middle English doun, from Old Norse dūnn Date: 14th century 1. a covering of soft fluffy feathers; also these feathers 2. something soft and fluffy like down

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

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  • Down — Down, adv. [For older adown, AS. ad[=u]n, ad[=u]ne, prop., from or off the hill. See 3d {Down}, and cf. {Adown}, and cf. {Adown}.] 1. In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the earth; toward or in a lower place or position; below;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Down — may refer to: Relative direction, where down is the direction towards the centre of gravity of a celestial object. Railroad directions, where down and up have locally significant meanings Down feather, a soft bird feather frequently used in… …   Wikipedia

  • down — down1 [doun] adv. [ME doun < adune, adown < OE adune, ofdune, from the hill < a , of , off, from + dune, dat. of dun, hill: see DOWN3] 1. from a higher to a lower place; toward the ground 2. in, on, or to a lower position or level;… …   English World dictionary

  • Down — /down/, n. 1. a county in SW Northern Ireland. 311,876; 952 sq. mi. (2466 sq. km). Co. seat: Downpatrick. 2. an administrative district in this county. 49,500; 253 sq. mi. (654 sq. km). * * * I District (pop., 1999 est.: 63,800), Northern Ireland …   Universalium

  • Down — ([daʊn], engl. unten, herunter, herab, nieder) steht für: eine Grafschaft in Nordirland, siehe County Down einen District in Nordirland, siehe Down (District) eine Genommutation beim Menschen, siehe Down Syndrom (Trisomie 21) einen Quark, siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Down — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Down puede referirse a: el síndrome de Down, un síndrome genético; John Langdon Haydon Down, médico que describió las características del síndrome genético; Condado de Down, ubicado en la zona meridional de Irlanda… …   Wikipedia Español

  • down — Ⅰ. down [1] ► ADVERB 1) towards or in a lower place or position. 2) to or at a lower level or value. 3) so as to lie flush or flat. 4) in or into a weaker or worse position, mood, or condition. 5) to a smaller amount or size, or a simpler or more …   English terms dictionary

  • Down — Down, a. 1. Downcast; as, a down look. [R.] [1913 Webster] 2. Downright; absolute; positive; as, a down denial. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl. [1913 Webster] 3. Downward; going down; sloping; as, a down stroke; a down grade; a down train on a railway. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Down — Down: Музыка Down метал группа из США, основанная в 1991 году в Новом Орлеане Альбомы Down (альбом Sentenced) Down (альбом The Jesus Lizard) Песни Down (песня Blink 182) Down (песня Джея Шона) Down песня американской группы альтернативного рока… …   Википедия

  • Down — Down, prep. [From {Down}, adv.] 1. In a descending direction along; from a higher to a lower place upon or within; at a lower place in or on; as, down a hill; down a well. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence: Towards the mouth of a river; towards the sea; as …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • down — 〈[ daʊn] Adj.; nur präd.; umg.〉 1. erschöpft, bedrückt, niedergeschlagen 2. 〈Drogenszene〉 nach Drogenkonsum ermattet ● ich bin vollkommen down [engl., eigtl. „unten“] * * * Down [daʊn; engl. = unten]; Symbol: d: Phantasiename für ein ↑ Quark… …   Universal-Lexikon

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