Etymology: Middle English doun, from Old English dūne, short for adūne, of dūne, from a- (from of), of off, from + dūne, dative of dūn hill
Date: before 12th century
(1) toward or in a lower physical position
(2) to a lying or sitting position
(3) toward or to the ground, floor, or bottom
b. as a down payment <paid $10 down> c. on paper <put down what he says> 2. in a direction that is the opposite of up: as a. southward b. to or toward a point away from the speaker or the speaker's point of reference c. in or into the stomach <can't keep food down> 3. to a lesser degree, level, or rate <cool down tensions> 4. to or toward a lower position in a series 5. a. to or in a lower or worse condition or status b. — used to indicate thoroughness or completion <dusted down the house> <described him down to his haircut> 6. from a past time <stories passed down by word of mouth> 7. to or in a state of less activity or prominence 8. to a concentrated state <got the report down to three pages> 9. into defeat <voted the motion down> II. preposition Date: 14th century down along, around, through, toward, in, into, or on <fell down the stairs> <down the years> III. verb Date: 1562 transitive verb 1. to cause to go or come down: as a. bring down 1 <downed the enemy helicopter> b. consume 3 <downing slices of pizza> 2. to cause (a football) to be out of play 3. defeat <down a proposal> intransitive verb to go down IV. adjective Date: circa 1565 1. a. (1) occupying a low position; specifically lying on the ground <down timber> (2) directed or going downward <attendance is down> b. lower in price c. not being in play in football because of wholly stopped progress or because the officials stop the play <the ball was down> d. defeated or trailing an opponent (as in points scored) <down by two runs> e. baseball out <two down in the top of the third inning> 2. a. reduced or low in activity, frequency, or intensity <a down economy> b. not operating or able to function <the computer is down> c. depressed, dejected <feeling a bit down>; also depressing <a down movie> d. sick <down with flu> 3. done, finished <eight down and two to go> 4. completely mastered <had her lines down> — often used with pat <got the answers down pat> 5. a. slang cool 7 b. slang understanding or supportive of something or someone — usually used with with <trying to prove that they were down with hip-hop culture — J. E. White> 6. being on record <you're down for two tickets> V. noun Date: 1710 1. descent, depression 2. an instance of putting down 3. a. a complete play to advance the ball in football b. one of a series of four attempts in American football or three attempts in Canadian football to advance the ball 10 yards 4. chiefly British dislike, grudge 5. downer 6. a fundamental quark that has an electric charge of - 1/3 and that is one of the constituents of a nucleon VI. noun Etymology: Middle English doun hill, from Old English dūn Date: 14th century 1. an undulating usually treeless upland with sparse soil — usually used in plural 2. often capitalized a sheep of any breed originating in the downs of southern England VII. noun Etymology: Middle English doun, from Old Norse dūnn Date: 14th century 1. a covering of soft fluffy feathers; also these feathers 2. something soft and fluffy like down
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.