calorie
also calory noun (plural -ries) Etymology: French calorie, from Latin calor heat, from calēre to be warm — more at lee Date: 1866 1. a. the amount of heat required at a pressure of one atmosphere to raise the temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius that is equal to about 4.19 joules — abbreviation cal; called also gram calorie, small calorie b. the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water one degree Celsius ; 1000 gram calories or 3.968 Btu — abbreviation Cal; called also large calorie 2. a. a unit equivalent to the large calorie expressing heat-producing or energy-producing value in food when oxidized in the body b. an amount of food having an energy-producing value of one large calorie

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • calorie — [ kalɔri ] n. f. • 1824; lat. calor → chaleur 1 ♦ Métrol. Ancienne unité de mesure de quantité de chaleur (abrév. cal), valant 4,184 joules. vx Petite calorie : calorie. Grande calorie : 1 000 calories. ⇒ kilocalorie. 2 ♦ Unité de mesure de la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Calorie — (unité) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cal …   Wikipédia en Français

  • calorie — CALORÍE, calorii, s.f. Unitate de măsură egală cu cantitatea de căldură care ridică temperatura unui gram de apă distilată de la 19,5 la 20,5 °C; unitate de măsură care indică valoarea energetică a unui aliment. ♢ (fiz.) Calorie mare =… …   Dicționar Român

  • calorie — [kal′ə rē] n. [Fr < L calor, heat; akin to calere, to be warm < IE base * kel , warm > OE hlēowe, warm] 1. the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water one degree celsius; gram calorie; small calorie 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • calorie — 1866, from Fr. calorie, from L. calor (gen. caloris) heat, from PIE *kle os , suffixed form of root *kele (1) warm (Cf. L. calidus warm, calere be hot; Skt. carad harvest, lit. hot time; Lith. silti …   Etymology dictionary

  • calorie — ► NOUN (pl. calories) 1) (also large calorie) a unit of energy, often used in specifying the energy value of foods, equal to the energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water through 1 °C (4.1868 kilojoules). 2) (also small… …   English terms dictionary

  • calorie — originally a unit of heat (from Latin calor, ‘heat’), in the 20c has stepped out of the physics laboratory into general use as a measure of the energy value of food. The general public have adopted what physicists call the large calorie (i.e. the …   Modern English usage

  • Calorie — Cal o*rie, n. [F., fr. L. calor heat.] (Physics) The unit of heat according to the French standard; the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram (sometimes, one gram) of water one degree centigrade, or from 0[deg] to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Calorie — This article is about the unit of energy. For its use in nutrition and food labelling regulations, see the article on food energy. The calorie is a pre SI unit of energy, in particular, heat.International Standard ISO 31 4: Quantities and units – …   Wikipedia

  • calorie — /kal euh ree/, n. 1. Thermodynam. a. Also called gram calorie, small calorie. an amount of heat exactly equal to 4.1840 joules. Abbr.: cal b. (usually cap.) kilocalorie. Abbr.: Cal 2. Physiol. a. a unit equal to the kilocalorie, used to express… …   Universalium

  • Calorie — A unit of food energy. In nutrition terms, the word calorie is used instead of the more precise scientific term kilocalorie. A kilocalorie represents the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of a liter of water one degree centigrade …   Medical dictionary

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