(did; done; doing; does)
Etymology: Middle English don, from Old English dōn; akin to Old High German tuon to do, Latin -dere to put, facere to make, do, Greek tithenai to place, set
Date: before 12th century
1. to bring to pass ; carry out <do another's wishes> 2. put — used chiefly in do to death 3. a. perform, execute <do some work> <did his duty> b. commit <crimes done deliberately> 4. a. bring about, effect <trying to do good> <do violence> b. to give freely ; pay <do honor to her memory> 5. to bring to an end ; finish — used in the past participle <the job is finally done> 6. to put forth ; exert <did her best to win the race> 7. a. to wear out especially by physical exertion ; exhaust <at the end of the race they were pretty well done> b. to attack physically ; beat; also kill 8. to bring into existence ; produce <do a biography on the general> 9. — used as a substitute verb especially to avoid repetition <if you must make such a racket, do it somewhere else> 10. a. to play the role or character of b. mimic; also to behave like <do a Houdini and disappear> c. to perform in or serve as producer of <do a play> 11. to treat unfairly; especially cheat <did him out of his inheritance> 12. to treat or deal with in any way typically with the sense of preparation or with that of care or attention: a. (1) to put in order ; clean <was doing the kitchen> (2) wash <did the dishes after supper> b. to prepare for use or consumption; especially cook <like my steak done rare> c. set, arrange <had her hair done> d. to apply cosmetics to <wanted to do her face before the party> e. decorate, furnish <did the living room in Early American> <do over the kitchen> 13. to be engaged in the study or practice of <do science>; especially to work at as a vocation <what to do after college> 14. a. to pass over (as distance) ; traverse <did 20 miles yesterday> b. to travel at a speed of <doing 55 on the turnpike> 15. tour <doing 12 countries in 30 days> 16. a. to spend (time) in prison <has been doing time in a federal penitentiary> b. to serve out (a period of imprisonment) <did ten years for armed robbery> 17. to serve the needs of ; suit, suffice <worms will do us for bait> 18. to approve especially by custom, opinion, or propriety <you oughtn't to say a thing like that…it's not done — Dorothy Sayers> 19. to treat with respect to physical comforts <did themselves well> 20. use 3 <doesn't do drugs> 21. to have sexual intercourse with 22. to partake of <let's do lunch> intransitive verb 1. act, behave <do as I say> 2. a. get along, fare <do well in school> b. to carry on business or affairs ; manage <we can do without your help> 3. to take place ; happen <what's doing across the street> 4. to come to or make an end ; finish — used in the past participle 5. to be active or busy <let us then be up and doing — H. W. Longfellow> 6. to be adequate or sufficient ; serve <half of that will do> 7. to be fitting ; conform to custom or propriety <won't do to be late> 8. — used as a substitute verb to avoid repetition <wanted to run and play as children do> — used especially in British English following a modal auxiliary or perfective have <a great many people had died, or would do — Bruce Chatwin> 9. — used in the imperative after an imperative to add emphasis <be quiet do> verbal auxiliary 1. a. — used with the infinitive without to to form present and past tenses in legal and parliamentary language <do hereby bequeath> and in poetry <give what she did crave — Shakespeare> b. — used with the infinitive without to to form present and past tenses in declarative sentences with inverted word order <fervently do we pray — Abraham Lincoln>, in interrogative sentences <did you hear that?>, and in negative sentences <we don't know> <don't go> 2. — used with the infinitive without to to form present and past tenses expressing emphasis <I do say> <do be careful> • doable adjective II. noun (plural dos or do's) Date: 1599 1. chiefly dialect fuss, ado 2. archaic deed, duty 3. a. a festive get-together ; affair, party b. chiefly British battle 4. a command or entreaty to do something <a list of dos and don'ts> 5. British cheat, swindle 6. hairdo III. noun Etymology: Italian Date: circa 1754 the first tone of the diatonic scale in solmization IV. abbreviation 1. ditto 2. double occupancy
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.