Etymology: Middle English, craw, head of a plant, yield of a field, from Old English cropp craw, head of a plant; akin to Old High German kropf goiter, craw
Date: before 12th century
1. a pouched enlargement of the gullet of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration; also an enlargement of the gullet of another animal (as an insect)
(1) a plant or animal or plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence <an apple crop> <a crop of wool> (2) the total yearly production from a specified area b. the product or yield of something formed together <the ice crop> c. a batch or lot of something produced during a particular cycle <the current crop of films> d. collection <a crop of lies> 3. the stock or handle of a whip; also a riding whip with a short straight stock and a loop 4. [crop (II)] a. the part of the chine of a quadruped (as a domestic cow) lying immediately behind the withers — usually used in plural; see cow illustration b. an earmark on an animal; especially one made by a straight cut squarely removing the upper part of the ear c. a close cut of the hair II. verb (cropped; cropping) Date: 13th century transitive verb 1. a. to remove the upper or outer parts of <crop a hedge> <crop a dog's ears> b. harvest <crop trout> c. to cut off short ; trim <crop a photograph> 2. to cause (land) to bear a crop <planned to crop another 40 acres>; also to grow as a crop intransitive verb 1. to feed by cropping something 2. to yield or make a crop 3. to appear unexpectedly or casually <problems crop up daily>
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.