circumvallate
I. transitive verb (-lated; -lating) Etymology: Latin circumvallatus, past participle of circumvallare to surround with siege works, from circum- + vallum rampart — more at wall Date: circa 1798 to surround by or as if by a rampart • circumvallation noun II. adjective Date: circa 1852 being any of approximately 12 large papillae near the back of the tongue each of which is surrounded with a marginal sulcus and supplied with taste buds responsive especially to bitter flavors

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Circumvallate — Cir cum*val late, a. 1. Surrounded with a wall; inclosed with a rampart. [1913 Webster] 2. (Anat.) Surrounded by a ridge or elevation; as, the circumvallate papill[ae], near the base of the tongue. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Circumvallate — Cir cum*val late, v. t. [L. circumvallatus, p. p. of circumvallare to surround with a wall; circum + vallare to wall, fr. vallum rampart.] To surround with a rampart or wall. Johnson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • circumvallate — index circumscribe (surround by boundary), enclose Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • circumvallate — [sʉr΄kəmval′āt΄] vt. circumvallated, circumvallating [< L circumvallatus, pp. of circumvallare < circum, around + vallare < vallum, rampart, WALL] to surround with or as with a wall or trench adj. surrounded by or as by a wall or trench… …   English World dictionary

  • circumvallate — circumvallation, n. /serr keuhm val ayt/, adj., v., circumvallated, circumvallating. adj. 1. surrounded by or as if by a rampart. 2. Anat. surrounded by a depression or wall like ridge. v.t. 3. to surround with or as if with a rampart. [1655 65;… …   Universalium

  • circumvallate — verb /sɜːkəmˈvæleɪt/ to surround with a rampart , 2004: The settlement is circumvallated by a stake fence, so decayed that one may gain ingress at a dozen places. David Mitchell, Cloud Atlas …   Wiktionary

  • circumvallate — Denoting a structure surrounded by a wall, as the c. (vallate) papillae of the tongue. [circum + L. vallum, wall] * * * cir·cum·val·late .sər kəm val .āt, val ət adj enclosed by a ridge of tissue * * * cir·cum·val·late (sur″kəm… …   Medical dictionary

  • circumvallate — adj. surrounded by a wall v. surround with walls or ramparts …   English contemporary dictionary

  • circumvallate — [ˌsə:kəm valeɪt] verb literary surround with or as if with a rampart. adjective 1》 literary surrounded or surrounding as if by a rampart. 2》 Anatomy denoting papillae near the back of the tongue, surrounded by taste receptors. Origin C17: from L …   English new terms dictionary

  • circumvallate — cir·cum·val·late …   English syllables

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