I. noun Etymology: Middle English chirche, from Old English cirice, ultimately from Late Greek kyriakon, from Greek, neuter of kyriakos of the lord, from kyrios lord, master; akin to Sanskrit śūra hero, warrior Date: before 12th century 1. a building for public and especially Christian worship 2. the clergy or officialdom of a religious body 3. often capitalized a body or organization of religious believers: as a. the whole body of Christians b. denomination <
the Presbyterian church
c. congregation 4. a public divine worship <
goes to church every Sunday
5. the clerical profession <
considered the church as a possible career
II. adjective Date: before 12th century 1. of or relating to a church <
church government
2. chiefly British of or relating to the established church III. transitive verb Date: 14th century to bring to church to receive one of its rites

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


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  • Church — (ch[^u]rch), n. [OE. chirche, chireche, cherche, Scot. kirk, from AS. circe, cyrice; akin to D. kerk, Icel. kirkja, Sw. kyrka, Dan. kirke, G. kirche, OHG. chirihha; all fr. Gr. kyriako n the Lord s house, fr. kyriako s concerning a master or lord …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • church — [ tʃɜrtʃ ] noun *** count or uncount a building that Christians go to in order to worship. Traditional churches usually contain an altar and long wooden seats facing the altar called pews. The place where the priest or MINISTER stands to talk to… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Church — (iglesia en inglés) puede hacer referencia a: Contenido 1 Apellido 1.1 Personajes 2 Toponimia 3 Música 4 …   Wikipedia Español

  • church — W1S1 [tʃə:tʃ US tʃə:rtʃ] n [: Old English; Origin: cirice, from Late Greek kyriakon, from Greek kyriakos of the lord , from kyrios lord, master ] 1.) a building where Christians go to worship →↑cathedral ▪ a short church service ▪ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • church — O.E. cirice church, public place of worship, Christians collectively, from W.Gmc. *kirika (Cf. O.S. kirika, O.N. kirkja, O.Fris. zerke, M.Du. kerke, O.H.G. kirihha, Ger. Kirche), from Gk. kyriake (oikia), kyriakon doma Lord s (house), from kyrios …   Etymology dictionary

  • Church — Church, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Churched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Churching}.] To bless according to a prescribed form, or to unite with in publicly returning thanks in church, as after deliverance from the dangers of childbirth; as, the churching of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • church — [chʉrch] n. [ME chirche, kirke < OE cirice (& ON kirkja < OE) < Gmc * kirika < LGr(Ec) * kyrikē < Gr kyriakē (oikia), Lord s (house) < kyriakos, belonging to the Lord < kyrios, ruler < kyros, supreme power < IE base *… …   English World dictionary

  • church — [n1] religious institution, building abbey, basilica, bethel, cathedral, chancel, chantry, chapel, fold, house of God, house of prayer, house of worship, Lord’s house, minster, mission, mosque, oratory, parish, sacellum, sanctuary, shrine,… …   New thesaurus

  • church — ► NOUN 1) a building used for public Christian worship. 2) (Church) a particular Christian organization with its own distinctive doctrines. 3) institutionalized religion as a political or social force. ORIGIN from Greek kuriakon d ma Lord s house …   English terms dictionary

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