I. verb (choked; choking) Etymology: Middle English, alteration of achoken, from Old English ācēocian, from ā-, perfective prefix + cēoce, cēace jaw, cheek — more at abide, cheek Date: 14th century transitive verb 1. to check or block normal breathing of by compressing or obstructing the trachea or by poisoning or adulterating available air 2. a. to check or hinder the growth, development, or activity of <
the flowers were choked by the weeds
b. to obstruct by filling up or clogging <
leaves choked the drain
c. to fill completely ; jam <
roads choked with traffic
3. to enrich the fuel mixture of (a motor) by partially shutting off the air intake of the carburetor 4. to grip (as a baseball bat) some distance from the end of the handle — usually used with up intransitive verb 1. to become choked in breathing <
he choked on a bone
2. a. to become obstructed or checked b. to become or feel constricted in the throat (as from strong emotion) — usually used with up <
choked up and couldn't finish the speech
3. to shorten one's grip especially on the handle of a bat — usually used with up 4. to lose one's composure and fail to perform effectively in a critical situation <
had a chance to win the game but he choked
II. noun Date: 1736 1. [by folk etymology from artichoke] the filamentous inedible center of an artichoke flower head; broadly an artichoke flower head 2. something that obstructs passage or flow: as a. a valve for choking a gasoline engine b. a constriction in an outlet (as of an oil well) that restricts flow c. reactor 2 d. a constriction (as a narrowing of the barrel or an attachment) at the muzzle of a shotgun that serves to limit the spread of shot 3. the act of choking

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Choke — may refer to: Choking, obstruction of airflow into the lungs Choke (horse), a condition in horses in which the esophagus is blocked Choking game, a schoolyard game involving deprivation of oxygen to the brain Chokehold, a grappling hold performed …   Wikipedia

  • choke — bore [ (t)ʃɔkbɔr ] ou choke [ (t)ʃɔk ] n. m. • 1878; mot angl., de to choke « étrangler » et bore « âme d un fusil » ♦ Techn. Étranglement à l extrémité du canon d un fusil de chasse pour regrouper les plombs. Des choke bores. Adjt Un canon choke …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Choke — (ch[=o]k), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Choked}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Choking}.] [OE. cheken, choken; cf. AS. [=a]ceocian to suffocate, Icel. koka to gulp, E. chincough, cough.] 1. To render unable to breathe by filling, pressing upon, or squeezing the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • choke — [chōk] vt. choked, choking [ME choken, aphetic < OE vt. aceocian, to choke, prob. < base of ceoke, jaw, CHEEK] 1. to prevent from breathing by blocking the windpipe or squeezing the throat of; strangle; suffocate; smother; stifle 2. to… …   English World dictionary

  • choke — (v.) c.1300, aphetic of acheken (c.1200), from O.E. aceocian to choke (with intensive a ), probably from root of ceoke jaw, cheek. Related: Choked; choking. The noun is recorded from 1560s. Meaning valve which controls air to a carburetor first… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Choke — [tʃoːk] der; s, s; ein Mechanismus im Auto, den man besonders bei kaltem Motor benutzt, um besser starten zu können <den Choke ziehen; mit gezogenem Choke fahren> …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

  • Choke — [tʃo:k, engl. tʃouk] der; s, s u. Choker der; s, <aus gleichbed. engl. choke zu to choke »drosseln, würgen«> Luftklappe im Vergaser (Kaltstarthilfe; Kfz Technik) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Choke — Choke, n. 1. A stoppage or irritation of the windpipe, producing the feeling of strangulation. [1913 Webster] 2. (Gun.) (a) The tied end of a cartridge. (b) A constriction in the bore of a shotgun, case of a rocket, etc. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Choke — Choke, v. i. 1. To have the windpipe stopped; to have a spasm of the throat, caused by stoppage or irritation of the windpipe; to be strangled. [1913 Webster] 2. To be checked, as if by choking; to stick. [1913 Webster] The words choked in his… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Choke — 〈 [tʃoʊk] m.; Gen.: s, Pl.: s〉 Luftklappe im Vergaser, die beim Start bei tiefen Temperaturen geschlossen wird, um ein fetteres u. damit zündfreudigeres Gemisch einzustellen; oV [Etym.: engl., »Starterklappe«; zu choke »drosseln«] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • choke — index bar (hinder), block, clog, constrict (inhibit), extinguish, hamper, inhibit …   Law dictionary

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