I. noun Etymology: Middle English chek, from Anglo-French eschec, from Arabic shāh, from Persian, literally, king; akin to Greek ktasthai to acquire, Sanskrit kṣatra dominion Date: 15th century 1. exposure of a chess king to an attack from which he must be protected or moved to safety 2. a. a sudden stoppage of a forward course or progress ; arrest b. a checking of an opposing player (as in ice hockey) 3. a sudden pause or break in a progression 4. archaic reprimand, rebuke 5. one that arrests, limits, or restrains ; restraint <
against all checks, rebukes, and manners, I must advance — Shakespeare
6. a. a standard for testing and evaluation ; criterion b. examination <
a quick check of the engine
c. inspection, investigation <
a loyalty check on government employees
d. the act of testing or verifying; also the sample or unit used for testing or verifying 7. a written order directing a bank to pay money as instructed ; draft 8. a. a ticket or token showing ownership or identity or indicating payment made <
a baggage check
b. a counter in various games c. a slip indicating the amount due ; bill 9. [Middle English chek, short for cheker checker] a. a pattern in squares that resembles a checkerboard b. a fabric woven or printed with such a design 10. a mark typically ✓ placed beside an item to show it has been noted, examined, or verified 11. crack, breakcheckless adjective II. verb Date: 14th century transitive verb 1. to put (a chess king) in check 2. chiefly dialect rebuke, reprimand 3. a. to slow or bring to a stop ; brake <
hastily checked the impulse
b. to block the progress of (as a hockey player) 4. a. to restrain or diminish the action or force of ; control b. to slack or ease off and then belay again (as a rope) 5. a. to compare with a source, original, or authority ; verify <
needs to check her facts
b. to inspect, examine, or look at appraisingly — usually used with out or over <
checking out new cars
c. to mark with a check as examined, verified, or satisfactory — often used with off <
checked off each item
6. a. to consign (as luggage) to a common carrier from which one has purchased a passenger ticket <
checked our bags before boarding
b. to ship or accept for shipment under such a consignment 7. to mark into squares ; checker 8. to leave or accept for safekeeping in a checkroom <
check a coat
9. to make checks or chinks ; cause to crack <
the sun checks timber
intransitive verb 1. a. of a dog to stop in a chase especially when scent is lost b. to halt through caution, uncertainty, or fear ; stop 2. a. to investigate conditions <
checked on the passengers' safety
b. to prove to be consistent or truthful <
the description checks with the photograph
— often used with out <
the story checked out
3. to draw a check on a bank 4. to waive the right to initiate the betting in a round of poker 5. crack, split Synonyms: see restrain III. inter — used to express assent or agreement

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • check — n 1: something that limits or restrains see also checks and balances 2: a written order signed by its maker directing a bank to pay a specified sum to a named person or to that person s order on demand see also negotiable instrument compa …   Law dictionary

  • Check — (ch[e^]k), n. [OE. chek, OF. eschec, F. [ e]chec, a stop, hindrance, orig. check in the game of chess, pl. [ e]checs chess, through Ar., fr. Pers. sh[=a]h king. See {Shah}, and cf. {Checkmate}, {Chess}, {Checker}.] 1. (Chess) A word of warning… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • check — [chek] n. [ME chek < OFr eschec, eschac, a check at chess, repulse < ML scaccus, scahus < Pers šāh, king, principal piece in a game of chess (see SHAH1); prob. sense development: king in danger hostile action restraining action means of… …   English World dictionary

  • Check — Check, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Checked} (ch[e^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {checking}.] 1. (Chess) To make a move which puts an adversary s piece, esp. his king, in check; to put in check. [1913 Webster] 2. To put a sudden restraint upon; to stop… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Check — may refer to A small crack in the glass, also known as a check, in the glass container industry Cheque ( Check in U.S. English), an order for transfer of money Check box, a type of widget in computing Check (fabric), a woven fabric having a… …   Wikipedia

  • check — Ⅰ. check [1] ► VERB 1) examine the accuracy, quality, or condition of. 2) stop or slow the progress of. 3) Chess move a piece or pawn to a square where it directly attacks (the opposing king). ► NOUN 1) an examination to check accuracy, quality,… …   English terms dictionary

  • check — check; check·a·ble; check·age; check·er·ist; check·er·man; check·ers; check·hook; check·less; check·row·er; re·check; un·check; check·mate; coun·ter·check; …   English syllables

  • check — /ingl. tʃɛk/ s. m. inv. controllo, verifica, esame FRASEOLOGIA check in, accettazione, registrazione □ check list (org. az.), elenco delle attività □ check panel (autom.), pannello di controllo □ check point, posto di blocco …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Check — Check: Die Bezeichnung für eine »Überprüfung, Kontrolle« stammt aus gleichbed. engl. check, das selbst eine Entlehnung aus afrz. echec »Schach« ist. Bereits im 19. Jh. finden sich im Dt. Belege des Wortes, zunächst allerdings auf die englischen… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • check — [n1] inspection, examination analysis, audit, checkup, control, inquiry, investigation, poll, rein, research, review, scrutiny, test; concept 103 check [n2] restraint, hindrance blow, constraint, control, curb, damper, disappointment, frustration …   New thesaurus

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