Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from charger
Date: 13th century
a. obsolete a material load or weight
b. a figure borne on a heraldic field
a. the quantity that an apparatus is intended to receive and fitted to hold
b. the quantity of explosive used in a single discharge
c. a store or accumulation of impelling force <the deeply emotional charge of the drama> d. a definite quantity of electricity; especially an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body e. thrill, kick <got a charge out of the game> 3. a. obligation, requirement b. management, supervision <has charge of the home office> c. the ecclesiastical jurisdiction (as a parish) committed to a clergyman d. a person or thing committed to the care of another 4. a. instruction, command b. instruction in points of law given by a court to a jury 5. a. expense, cost <gave the banquet at his own charge> b. the price demanded for something <no admission charge> c. a debit to an account <the purchase was a charge> d. the record of a loan (as of a book from a library) e. British an interest in property granted as security for a loan 6. a. a formal assertion of illegality <a charge of murder> b. a statement of complaint or hostile criticism <denied the charges of nepotism that were leveled against him> 7. a. (1) a violent rush forward (as to attack) <the charge of the brigade> (2) the signal for attack <sound the charge> b. a usually illegal rush into an opponent in various sports (as basketball) II. verb (charged; charging) Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French charger, from Late Latin carricare, from Latin carrus wheeled vehicle — more at car Date: 14th century transitive verb 1. a. archaic to lay or put a load on or in ; load b. (1) to place a charge (as of powder) in (2) to load or fill to capacity c. (1) to restore the active materials in (a storage battery) by the passage of a direct current through in the opposite direction to that of discharge (2) to give an electric charge to <charge a capacitor> d. (1) to assume as a heraldic bearing (2) to place a heraldic bearing on e. to fill or furnish fully <the music is charged with excitement> f. electrify 2 <the crowd was charged by her performance> 2. a. to impose a task or responsibility on <charge him with the job of finding a new meeting place> b. to command, instruct, or exhort with authority <I charge you not to go> c. of a judge to give a charge to (a jury) 3. a. to make an assertion against especially by ascribing guilt or blame <charges him with armed robbery> <they were charged as being instigators> b. to place the guilt or blame for <charge her failure to negligence> c. to assert as an accusation <charges that he distorted the data> 4. a. to bring (a weapon) into position for attack ; level <charge a lance> b. to rush against ; attack; also to rush into (an opponent) usually illegally in various sports 5. a. (1) to impose a financial burden on <charge his estate with debts incurred> (2) to impose or record as financial obligation <charge debts to an estate> b. (1) to fix or ask as fee or payment <charges $50 for an office visit> (2) to ask payment of (a person) <charge a client for expenses> c. to record (an item) as an expense, debt, obligation, or liability <charged a new sofa> intransitive verb 1. to rush forward in or as if in assault ; attack; also to charge an opponent in sports 2. to ask or set a price <do you charge for this service?> 3. to charge an item to an account <charge now, pay later> Synonyms: see command
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.