I. adjective Etymology: Latin causticus, from Greek kaustikos, from kaiein to burn Date: 14th century 1. capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action ; corrosive 2. marked by incisive sarcasm 3. relating to or being the surface or curve of a caustic • caustically adverbcausticity noun Synonyms: caustic, mordant, acrid, scathing mean stingingly incisive. caustic suggests a biting wit <
caustic comments
. mordant suggests a wit that is used with deadly effectiveness <
mordant reviews of the play
. acrid implies bitterness and often malevolence <
acrid invective
. scathing implies indignant attacks delivered with fierce severity <
a scathing satire
. II. noun Date: 15th century 1. a caustic agent: as a. a substance that burns or destroys organic tissue by chemical action b. sodium hydroxide 2. the envelope of rays emanating from a point and reflected or refracted by a curved surface

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caustic — Caus tic, Caustical Caus tic*al, a. [L. caustucs, Ge. ?, fr. ? to burn. Cf. {Calm}, {Ink}.] 1. Capable of destroying the texture of anything or eating away its substance by chemical action; burning; corrosive; searing. [1913 Webster] 2. Severe;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Caustic — may refer to: * Causticity, the property of a substance that causes corrosion ** Sodium hydroxide, sometimes called caustic soda ** Potassium hydroxide, sometimes called caustic potash ** Calcium oxide, sometimes called caustic lime * Caustic… …   Wikipedia

  • caustic — CAÚSTIC, Ă, caustici, ce, adj., s.f. 1. adj. (Despre substanţe chimice) Care arde, distruge ţesutul animal şi vegetal. ♢ Sodă caustică = hidrat de sodiu cristalizat, cu multe întrebuinţări în industrie. 2. adj. fig. Muşcător, satiric. 3. s.f.… …   Dicționar Român

  • caustic — caustic, mordant, acrid, scathing are comparable when they mean stingingly incisive. Caustic usually implies a biting wit, a ready tongue or pen, and the power to drive disagreeable truths home { I really do not know what to do with my books, he… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Caustic — Cau stic, n. [L. causticum (sc. medicamentum). See {Caustic}, a.] 1. Any substance or means which, applied to animal or other organic tissue, burns, corrodes, or destroys it by chemical action; an escharotic. [1913 Webster] 2. (Optics) A caustic… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • caustic — [kôs′tik] adj. [ME caustik < L causticus < Gr kaustikos < kaustos, burning < kaiein, to burn] 1. that can burn, eat away, or destroy tissue by chemical action; corrosive 2. cutting or sarcastic in utterance; biting 3. designating or… …   English World dictionary

  • caustic — c.1400, from O.Fr. caustique, from L. causticus burning, caustic, from Gk. kaustikos capable of burning, from kaustos combustible, from kaiein, the Greek word for to burn (trans. and intrans.) in all periods, of uncertain origin with no certain… …   Etymology dictionary

  • caustic — [adj1] burning, corrosive abrasive, acerbic, acid, acrid, alkaline, astringent, biting, corroding, erosive, keen, mordant, pungent, tart; concept 485 Ant. calm, mild, soothing caustic [adj2] sarcastic acerb, acerbic, acrimonious, bitter, cutting …   New thesaurus

  • caustic — ► ADJECTIVE 1) able to burn or corrode organic tissue by chemical action. 2) scathingly sarcastic. ► NOUN ▪ a caustic substance. DERIVATIVES caustically adverb. ORIGIN Greek kaustikos, from kaustos combustible …   English terms dictionary

  • Caustic — Caustic. См. Каустик. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • caustic — I adjective abrasive, abrupt, acerbus, acrid, acrimonious, acute, astringent, austere, biting, brash, burning, corroding, corrosive, cruel, curt, cutting, derisive, derisory, envenomed, erosive, excorciating, excruciating, harsh, hurtful,… …   Law dictionary

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