capital
I. noun Etymology: Middle English capitale, from Anglo-French capital, capitel, from Late Latin capitellum small head, top of column, diminutive of Latin capit-, caput head — more at head Date: 13th century the uppermost member of a column or pilaster crowning the shaft and taking the weight of the entablature — see column illustration II. adjective Etymology: Middle English, from Latin capitalis, from capit-, caput Date: 14th century 1. of a letter of or conforming to the series A, B, C, etc. rather than a, b, c, etc. 2. a. punishable by death <
a capital crime
>
b. involving execution <
capital punishment
>
c. most serious <
a capital error
>
3. a. chief in importance or influence <
capital ships
>
<
the capital importance of criticism in the work of creation itself — T. S. Eliot
>
b. being the seat of government 4. of or relating to capital; especially relating to or being assets that add to the long-term net worth of a corporation <
capital improvements
>
5. excellent <
a capital book
>
III. noun Etymology: French or Italian; French, from Italian capitale, from capitale, adjective, chief, principal, from Latin capitalis Date: circa 1639 1. a. (1) a stock of accumulated goods especially at a specified time and in contrast to income received during a specified period; also the value of these accumulated goods (2) accumulated goods devoted to the production of other goods (3) accumulated possessions calculated to bring in income b. (1) net worth (2) stock 7c(1) c. persons holding capital d. advantage, gain <
make capital of the situation
>
e. a store of useful assets or advantages <
wasted their political capital on an unpopular cause
>
<
wrote from the capital of his emotionally desolate boyhood — E. L. Doctorow
>
2. [capital (II)] a. a capital letter; especially an initial capital letter b. a letter belonging to a style of alphabet modeled on the style customarily used in inscriptions 3. [capital (II)] a. a city serving as a seat of government b. a city preeminent in some special activity <
the fashion capital
>

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CAPITAL — La profusion des significations du terme «capital» dans l’ensemble de la littérature économique constituerait pour les linguistes un excellent exemple du peu d’aptitude de tout mot à contenir à la fois le général (ou l’essentiel) et le spécifique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • capital — cap·i·tal 1 adj [Latin capitalis, from caput head, a person s life (as forfeit)] 1 a: punishable by death capital murder b: involving execution a capital case 2 [Medieval Latin capitalis chief, principal, from Latin …   Law dictionary

  • capital — capital, ale (ka pi tal, ta l ) adj. 1°   Où il s agit de la tête ou de la vie ; qui mérite le dernier supplice. Procès capital. Intenter une accusation capitale. Condamner quelqu un à la peine capitale. •   Et Cinna vous impute à crime capital… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • capital — cap i*tal (k[a^]p [i^]*tal), n. [Cf. L. capitellum and capitulum, a small head, the head, top, or capital of a column, dim. of caput head; F. chapiteau, OF. capitel. See {chief}, and cf. {cattle}, {chattel}, {chapiter}, {chapter}.] 1. (Arch.) The …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capital — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término capital (del latín caput, cabeza) puede referirse a los siguientes conceptos: En derecho y finanzas, el capital es una cantidad de dinero que se presta o se impone, de la cual se distingue el interés… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Capital — Cap i*tal, a. [F. capital, L. capitalis capital (in senses 1 & 2), fr. caput head. See {Chief}, and cf. {Capital}, n.] 1. Of or pertaining to the head. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise Expect with mortal pain.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capital — Beschreibung Wirtschaftszeitschrift Sprache Deutsch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • capital — adjetivo 1. (antepuesto / pospuesto) Que tiene mucha importancia: error capital. Este asunto tiene un interés capital para mí. Tu opinión es de capital importancia para todos nosotros. pecado* capital. pena* capital. adjetivo,sustantivo femenino… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • capital — (Del lat. capitālis). 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo a la cabeza. 2. En la doctrina cristiana, se dice de los siete pecados o vicios que son cabeza u origen de otros; como la soberbia. 3. Dicho de una población: Principal y cabeza de un Estado …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • capital — capital1 [kap′ət l] adj. [ME & OFr < L capitalis, of the head < caput, HEAD] 1. involving or punishable by death (originally by decapitation) [a capital offense] 2. most important or most serious; principal; chief [a capital virtue] 3. of… …   English World dictionary

  • capital — CAPITAL, ALE. adj. Prineipal. C est là le point capital de cette affaire. Cette clause est capitale dans ce contrat. Paris est la ville capitale de la France. La capitale d un Royaume. En cette phrase, Capitale est substantif. f♛/b] On appelle… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

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